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Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great  

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[Na]Leader of the Macedonians. Born in 356 bc, Alexander was tutored in his early years by Aristotle before succeeding his father Philip as king of Macedonia and the mainland of Greece in 336 bc. ...
alphabet

alphabet  

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1. A particular sequential arrangement of a set of letters or other graphic symbols used to write a language in which these graphemes are used to represent the basic speech sounds or phonemes.2. A ...
anthropology

anthropology  

In philosophical usage, a general theory of human nature, sometimes thought to be the necessary foundation of history and all social sciences. The philosophy of anthropology considers such issues as ...
Apollonius (13)

Apollonius (13)  

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Son of Mnesitheus, nicknamed Dyscolus, of Alexandria (1) (2nd c. ad). Of his life little is known; apart from a short visit to Rome, he did not leave Alexandria, and ...
bilingualism

bilingualism  

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Widespread bilingualism at some level was characteristic of the ancient world. Latin and esp. Greek were the languages of culture and education (in the Roman empire, Latin was the language of law and ...
diatribe

diatribe  

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Term (derived from Gk. word meaning ‘spending’ (of time) ) given by modern scholars to works of Greek or Roman popular philosophy and generally implying the following: that they are direct ...
Dissoi logoi

Dissoi logoi  

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(lit. ‘Double Arguments’, i.e. ‘Arguments For and Against’), a short sophistic work of unknown authorship, written some time after 400 bc. It consists mainly of arguments for and against various ...
Dorians

Dorians  

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‘in historical times were the people who spoke Doric Greek (see dialects, greek): in SE and NE Peloponnese (Sparta, Argos, Corinth, Megara), on islands in the south Aegean (Melos, Crete, Rhodes, ...
Grammarians

Grammarians  

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Grammar was, together with philosophy and law, a very important part of the legacy of ancient Greece and Rome to European culture.Greece.In ancient Greece, grammar emerged as an ...
Greek

Greek   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
3,712 words
Illustration(s):
1

[This entry includes two subentries, on the Greek language and on the pronunciation of ancient Greek.]

Greek elegiac poetry

Greek elegiac poetry  

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This may be initially defined as poetry in elegiac couplets (see metre, greek (3), (4)). The term elegeion normally meaning ‘elegiac couplet’, is derived from elegos, a sung lament that must have ...
Greek epigraphy

Greek epigraphy  

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The study of inscriptions engraved on stone or metal in Greek letters. Interest in inscriptions is not a modern phenomenon; in antiquity people studied specific inscriptions. In the early 3rd cent. ...
Greek papyrology

Greek papyrology  

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Papyrus, manufactured in Egypt from a marsh plant, Cyperus papyrus (see books, greek and roman), was the most widely used writing material in the Graeco‐Roman world. The object of papyrology is to ...
Greek pastoral poetry

Greek pastoral poetry  

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For as long as peasants have tended their flocks and herds on grazing lands away from the village, song and music (esp. that of the pipe (syrinx), which is easily cut, fashioned and carried) have ...
Greek language

Greek language   Reference library

Anna Morpurgo Davies

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
4,363 words
In the Classical period Greek was spoken in mainland Greece (including the Peloponnese), in the islands of the Aegean (including Crete, Rhodes, and Cyprus), and in the Greek colonies in ... More
Hellenism

Hellenism  

Of or relating to Greek history, language, and culture from the death of Alexander the Great to the defeat of Cleopatra and Mark Antony by Octavian in 31 bc. During this period Greek culture ...
Historical Linguistics

Historical Linguistics  

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This entry includes the following subentries:OverviewClassification by “Descent”Culture History and Historical LinguisticsMethodsMathematical MethodsComputational MethodsTextual MethodsObsolescence, ...
Homer

Homer  

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(8th century bc),Greek epic poet. He is traditionally held to be the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, though modern scholarship has revealed the place of the Homeric poems in a pre-literate oral ...
Indo-European

Indo-European  

Of or relating to the family of languages spoken over the greater part of Europe and Asia as far as northern India.The Indo-European languages have a history of over 3,000 years. Their unattested, ...
Ithaca

Ithaca  

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An island off the western coast of Greece in the Ionian Sea, the legendary home of Odysseus.

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