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Eric Gill

(1882—1940) artist, craftsman, and social critic

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Artists International Association

Artists International Association  

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(AIA)An association of left-wing British artists founded in London in 1932 with the aim of achieving ‘the unity of artists against Fascism and war and the suppression of culture’. Originally it was ...
Arts and Crafts Movement

Arts and Crafts Movement  

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An English decorative arts movement of the second half of the 19th century which sought to revive the ideal of craftsmanship in an age of increasing mechanization and mass production. William Morris ...
direct carving

direct carving  

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Carving a sculptural design directly into a material, most usually stone, as opposed to producing it through a plaster model and then a cast reproduction in a metal such as bronze. The latter ...
Edward Johnston

Edward Johnston  

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(1872–1944)Johnston was an important British calligrapher, typeface designer, and educator. After ill‐health had cut short his study of medicine at Edinburgh University he decided to pursue his ...
Henry Moore

Henry Moore  

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(1898–1986)British sculptor and draughtsman. He was made a CH in 1955 and appointed to the OM in 1963.The son of a Yorkshire miner, Moore studied at Leeds School of Art after doing his military ...
Hew Lorimer

Hew Lorimer  

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(1907–93)Scottish sculptor, born in Edinburgh, son of the distinguished architect (and occasional painter) Sir Robert Lorimer (1864–1929) and nephew of the portrait painter John Henry Lorimer ...
London Group

London Group  

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An exhibiting society of British artists formed in 1913 when the Camden Town Group petered out and its members amalgamated with several other progressive artists. The first president was Harold ...
relief

relief  

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[from the Italian rilevare, ‘to raise’]A sculpture made so that all or part of it projects from a flat surface. See letterpress; woodcut.
Serge Chermayeff

Serge Chermayeff  

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(b Groznyy, Azerbaijan, 8 Oct 1900; d Wellfleet, MA, 8 May 1996),British American architect of Russian birth. Chermayeff was educated in Moscow before emigrating to England in 1910 and ...

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