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Mahatma Gandhi

(1869—1948) political leader and religious and social reformer

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Bartholomeus De Ligt

Bartholomeus De Ligt  

Bartholomeus De Ligt (1918–1939) was born in Schalkwijk in the center of the Netherlands on 17 July 1883, the son of an orthodox Protestant minister. Rather early, De Ligt drifted ...
Commonweal Collection

Commonweal Collection  

The Commonweal Collection is a unique peace resource based in Britain: a library of more than eleven thousand books, pamphlets, and videos and 150 periodicals and journals. These resources and ...
Constructive Conflicts

Constructive Conflicts  

Conflicts are sometimes regarded as inherently disruptive and destructive and necessarily painful. Indeed, many conflicts are conducted very destructively and with harmful consequences for most ...
Contemporary Peace and Nonviolence Movements in Asia

Contemporary Peace and Nonviolence Movements in Asia  

The notion of “peace movement” is not unproblematic since “peace” can be defined restrictively (as no war or no direct violence) or expansively (as no direct, structural, and cultural violence ...
Development and Peace

Development and Peace  

Combining peacebuilding with development is a strategy for nurturing nonviolent systems of human security and the growth of human capacity. Those with these objectives see conflict as an opportunity ...
Eminent Person Mediation

Eminent Person Mediation  

Mediation is a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) that aims to assist two or more disputants in reaching an agreement. Eminent person mediation is the attempt to resolve conflict ...
Films for Peace

Films for Peace  

Film is a powerful medium that can change, and indeed may have changed, the way humans conceive of the world and the events that take place in it. Filmmakers, consciously ...
Gandhi, Mohandas K.

Gandhi, Mohandas K. (1869–1948)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

(1869–1948),

Indian political and spiritual leader whose non-violent efforts to free his country from the British resulted in

Gandhian Theory of Nonviolence

Gandhian Theory of Nonviolence  

Mohandas K. Gandhi (1869–1948) developed and applied nonviolent theory and techniques that changed the lives of those around him and the world as well. His views and actions modeled a ...
Hindu Ethics of Peace

Hindu Ethics of Peace  

In interfaith contexts, Hinduism has long claimed to be a peace-loving and nonviolent tradition. While there is much evidence that this claim is valid, the various traditions and movements that ...
Nonviolence

Nonviolence  

Non‐violence seeks to oppose the use of state violence by means such as peaceful demonstrations, sit‐ins, civil disobedience, and so forth. It is a political strategy of opposition best known as ...
Nonviolent Revolution

Nonviolent Revolution  

The nonviolent overthrow of Serbian dictator Slobodan Miloševi<cacute> in 2000 signaled the beginning of what the global media described as the “color” or “flower” revolutions. These mostly ...
Peace Constitution of India

Peace Constitution of India  

Mohandas K. Gandhi (1869–1948) is celebrated in India as the “Father of the Nation,” but no one has ever called him the “Father of the State.” Gandhi was the unrivalled ...
Peace Monuments

Peace Monuments  

A monument is a physical and permanent way to preserve the memory of an event or concept. A peace monument promotes values associated with peace or peacebuilding. At least two ...
Peace Movements in India

Peace Movements in India  

The origin and character of peace movements in India is different from those of the West. Indian peace movements are rooted in struggles of oppressed people to protect natural resources ...
Shanti Sena

Shanti Sena  

Mohandas K. Gandhi had experimented with setting up peace brigades as early as 1921 when riots broke out in Bombay, but it was not until after Gandhi’s death that his ...
Women and Social Change: The MSS in India

Women and Social Change: The MSS in India  

Mahila Shanti Sena (MSS) is a Gandhian social movement—a women’s constructive peace movement—that aims to build a peaceful and sustainable society through the practice of nonviolence and ...

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