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Mahatma Gandhi

(1869—1948) political leader and religious and social reformer

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African National Congress

African National Congress  

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(ANC) A South African political party. It was established in Bloemfontein in 1912 as the South African Native National Congress by a Zulu Methodist minister, J. W. Dube. In 1914 he led a deputation ...
Bartholomeus De Ligt

Bartholomeus De Ligt  

Bartholomeus De Ligt (1918–1939) was born in Schalkwijk in the center of the Netherlands on 17 July 1883, the son of an orthodox Protestant minister. Rather early, De Ligt drifted ...
Cesar Chavez

Cesar Chavez  

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(b. Yuma, Arizona, 31 Mar. 1927; d. San Luis, Arizona, 23 Apr. 1993)US; labour organizer and Hispanic political activist Chavez became a migrant labourer at age 10 and was entirely self-educated. An ...
Commonweal Collection

Commonweal Collection  

The Commonweal Collection is a unique peace resource based in Britain: a library of more than eleven thousand books, pamphlets, and videos and 150 periodicals and journals. These resources and ...
Constructive Conflicts

Constructive Conflicts  

Conflicts are sometimes regarded as inherently disruptive and destructive and necessarily painful. Indeed, many conflicts are conducted very destructively and with harmful consequences for most ...
Contemporary Peace and Nonviolence Movements in Asia

Contemporary Peace and Nonviolence Movements in Asia  

The notion of “peace movement” is not unproblematic since “peace” can be defined restrictively (as no war or no direct violence) or expansively (as no direct, structural, and cultural violence ...
Development and Peace

Development and Peace  

Combining peacebuilding with development is a strategy for nurturing nonviolent systems of human security and the growth of human capacity. Those with these objectives see conflict as an opportunity ...
Eminent Person Mediation

Eminent Person Mediation  

Mediation is a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) that aims to assist two or more disputants in reaching an agreement. Eminent person mediation is the attempt to resolve conflict ...
Films for Peace

Films for Peace  

Film is a powerful medium that can change, and indeed may have changed, the way humans conceive of the world and the events that take place in it. Filmmakers, consciously ...
Gandhi

Gandhi   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
10,411 words

[This entry contains four subentries: Moral Philosophy; Political Strategy; Process with the British Empire; and Legacy in India.]

Gandhi, Mohandas

Gandhi, Mohandas   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,367 words

On 2 October 1869 at Porbandar, a small town in what was then one of the princely states in Kathiawar

Gandhi, Mohandas

Gandhi, Mohandas (1869–1948)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
1,216 words

It is tempting to think that Gandhi may have been an “early environmentalist” and yet there seem to be insuperable

Gandhi, M. K.

Gandhi, M. K. (1869–1948)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
99 words

‘Mahatma’ Gandhi amassed more than 12,000 books—primarily in English, Gujarati, Hindi, and Sanskrit—many of which he read in prison. Although

Gandhi, Mohandas K.

Gandhi, Mohandas K. (1869–1948)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

(1869–1948),

Indian political and spiritual leader whose non-violent efforts to free his country from the British resulted in

Gandhian Theory of Nonviolence

Gandhian Theory of Nonviolence  

Mohandas K. Gandhi (1869–1948) developed and applied nonviolent theory and techniques that changed the lives of those around him and the world as well. His views and actions modeled a ...
Hindu Ethics of Peace

Hindu Ethics of Peace  

In interfaith contexts, Hinduism has long claimed to be a peace-loving and nonviolent tradition. While there is much evidence that this claim is valid, the various traditions and movements that ...
Hindu nationalism

Hindu nationalism  

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Belief that politics should be organized in accordance with the precepts of the Hindu scriptures and way of life. In its more extreme form, this takes the form of the promotion of a Hindu Rashtra ...
Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru  

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(b. 14 Nov. 1889, d. 27 May 1964).Prime Minister of Union of India 1947–64Early careerBorn in Allahabad as the son of Motilal Nehru, he received a European education, and was educated in England at ...
leadership Theories

leadership Theories  

In industrial and organizational psychology, various theories that have been put forward to explain the successful or unsuccessful performance of leaders. Such theories tend to fall into three main ...
Nonviolence

Nonviolence  

Non‐violence seeks to oppose the use of state violence by means such as peaceful demonstrations, sit‐ins, civil disobedience, and so forth. It is a political strategy of opposition best known as ...

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