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Mahatma Gandhi

(1869—1948) political leader and religious and social reformer

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ahimsa

ahimsa  

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Religion
In the Hindu, Buddhist, and Jainist tradition, respect for all living things and avoidance of violence towards others. The word comes from Sanskrit, from a ‘non-, without’ + hiṃsā ‘violence’.
āśram(a)

āśram(a)  

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Religion
Probably originally a term for a hermitage in which brahmin householders practised their religious life beyond the village, it came to be applied more widely to the residence of any ascetic, or group ...
Bhagavadgita

Bhagavadgita  

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Religion
A sacred Hindu poem composed between the 2nd century bc and the 2nd century ad and incorporated into the Mahabharata. Presented as a dialogue between the Kshatriya prince Arjuna and his divine ...
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar  

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Religion
(1893–1956)Indian leader of the Untouchables (the lowest group in the caste system). He led the agitation for their constitutional rights in the 1930s and when Mahatma Gandhi went on a fast against ...
civil Disobedience

civil Disobedience  

The political tactic of disobeying a law deliberately, in order to bring about some change. The disobedience should ideally be public, non-violent, and committed by activists willing to face the ...
Dalit

Dalit  

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Religion
The self-designation of members of a 20th-century social and political movement, comprised of those known by others as ‘untouchables’, ‘outcastes’,‘scheduled castes’, or, in the case of M. K. Gāndhī, ...
Gandhi, Mohandas

Gandhi, Mohandas (1869–1948)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
1,216 words

It is tempting to think that Gandhi may have been an “early environmentalist” and yet there seem to be insuperable

Gāndhī, Mohandas Karamchand

Gāndhī, Mohandas Karamchand (1869–1948)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Hinduism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
661 words

(1869–1948)

A moral, political, and religious leader, who played a key role in the struggle for

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Gopal Krishna Gokhale  

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Religion
(1863–1915).An Indian political leader, born near Chipḷooṇ in the W. Indian region of Konkaṇ. His influence on religious matters (via politics) was great, because he was a staunch advocate ...
harijan

harijan  

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Religion
A term coined by Gāndhī (1869–1948) to designate the so-called ‘untouchables’ (those at the foot of the caste hierarchy) in an attempt to raise their status, although they themselves later preferred ...
Mahatma

Mahatma  

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Religion
An honorific (e.g. Mahātma Gāndhī).
Mātājī Nirmala Devī

Mātājī Nirmala Devī  

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Religion
(b. 1923)Founder and propagator of the Sahaja Yoga (‘Innate/Spontaneous Yoga’) movement (also known as ‘Sahaja Yoga International’ or ‘Vishwa Nirmala Dharma’). Her Christian parents were associates ...
Narsī Mehtā

Narsī Mehtā  

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(1414–1480, or later)The most widely revered of the Vaiṣnava bhakti poet-saints of Gujarat, little is known of Narsī's life, although there is an extensive hagiography, much of it depicting direct ...
Neo-Hinduism

Neo-Hinduism  

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Religion
A term applied by Western scholars to the forms in which some Hindu thinkers and reformers (such as Vivekānanda, Gāndhī, and Aurobindo Ghose), and institutional movements (such as the Brahmo Samāj) ...
peace

peace  

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Religion
Pēsn.1 freedom from or the cessation of war or violence: the Straits were to be open to warships in time of peace.2 a treaty agreeing to the ...
Praṇāmī

Praṇāmī  

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Religion
A movement, founded in 16th century Gujarat by Śrī Devcandrajī (also known as Nijānand Svāmi) (1581–1655), and spread by his disciple, Mahāmati Prannāth (Mehrāj Thakur) (1618–1694), which combines ...
Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore  

(1861–1941)Indian writer, who was awarded the 1913 Nobel Prize for Literature. In 1915 he was knighted but repudiated the honour in protest against the Amritsar Massacre (1919).Tagore was born into a ...
Rammohun Roy

Rammohun Roy  

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Religion
(Rājā) (b. Hooghly district, Bengal, 22 May 1772; d. near Bristol, England, 27 Sept. 1833)Early 19th-cent. reformer of Bengal, pioneer of Brahmo Sangeet. See Brahmo Sangeet.
Rāṣṭrīya Svayamsevak Saṅgh(a)

Rāṣṭrīya Svayamsevak Saṅgh(a)  

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Religion
(RSS)A militant, right-wing Hindu nationalist organization, founded in 1925 by K. B. Hedgewar, and developed ideologically by Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar. Most influential among upper caste ...
Romain Rolland

Romain Rolland  

(1866–1944)French novelist, dramatist, and essayist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915.Born at Clamecy, Mièvre, into a well-established middle-class family, Rolland studied at the ...

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