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Mahatma Gandhi

(1869—1948) political leader and religious and social reformer

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Baruch Spinoza

Baruch Spinoza  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
 (1632–77) Leading Dutch-Jewish philosopher,banned by the Portuguese Jewish community in 1656, probably because of his criticisms of the Scriptures (but possibly because of a financial dispute with ...
civil Disobedience

civil Disobedience  

The political tactic of disobeying a law deliberately, in order to bring about some change. The disobedience should ideally be public, non-violent, and committed by activists willing to face the ...
Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand

Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand (1869–1948)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
147 words

(1869–1948).

Hindu political activist with the uncompromising religious– philosophical ideal that non-injury is the only means to truth.

Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore  

(1861–1941)Indian writer, who was awarded the 1913 Nobel Prize for Literature. In 1915 he was knighted but repudiated the honour in protest against the Amritsar Massacre (1919).Tagore was born into a ...
Romain Rolland

Romain Rolland  

(1866–1944)French novelist, dramatist, and essayist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915.Born at Clamecy, Mièvre, into a well-established middle-class family, Rolland studied at the ...

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