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Mahatma Gandhi

(1869—1948) political leader and religious and social reformer

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Amritsar massacre

Amritsar massacre  

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(13 April 1919)A massacre of unarmed supporters of Indian self‐government by British troops in the city of Amritsar, Punjab. Indian discontent against the British had been mounting as a result of the ...
anti-imperialism

anti-imperialism  

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The Second World War is widely believed to have encouraged the forces of anti-imperialism within the international system at large and undermined the viability of the various European colonial ...
Chakravarti Rajagopalachariar

Chakravarti Rajagopalachariar  

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(1878–1972)Indian nationalist politician. He became a close associate of Mohandas Gandhi and was imprisoned on several occasions for non-cooperation with the British. Himself a Hindu, he was tolerant ...
civil Disobedience

civil Disobedience  

The political tactic of disobeying a law deliberately, in order to bring about some change. The disobedience should ideally be public, non-violent, and committed by activists willing to face the ...
Congress of Racial Equality

Congress of Racial Equality  

The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), one of the most important national organizations of the post-World War II African American freedom movements, was founded by an interracial group of pacifists ...
Gandhi, Mahatma

Gandhi, Mahatma (1869–1948)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
425 words
Indian nationalist leader, known as the Mahatma (‘Great Soul’). Although he never held government office, Gandhi was regarded as the supreme political and spiritual leader of India and the ... More
Gandhi, M. K.

Gandhi, M. K. (1869–1948)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

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Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
99 words

‘Mahatma’ Gandhi amassed more than 12,000 books—primarily in English, Gujarati, Hindi, and Sanskrit—many of which he read in prison. Although

Gandhi, Mohandas K.

Gandhi, Mohandas K. (1869–1948)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

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Current Version:
2003

(1869–1948),

Indian political and spiritual leader whose non-violent efforts to free his country from the British resulted in

India

India  

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The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growthIndia's vast territory can be divided into three main regions from north to south. ...
Indian National Congress

Indian National Congress  

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The principal Indian political party. It was founded in 1885 as an annual meeting of educated Indians desiring a greater share in government in cooperation with Britain. Later, divisions emerged ...
Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi  

(1917–1984)Indian prime minister (1966–77; 1980–84). Regarded as the strong-willed matriarch of India, Mrs Gandhi dominated her country's affairs both nationally and internationally for nearly ...
Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri  

(b. 2 Oct. 1904, d. 11 Jan. 1966).Prime Minister of India 1964–6 Born in Moghalsarai, he joined Gandhi's call for non-cooperation in his first satyagraha in 1921, and dropped his studies. He resumed ...
Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King  

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(1929–68)US Baptist minister and civil-rights leader. King opposed discrimination against Black Americans by organizing non-violent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations, notably the year-long ...
Mohammad Ali Jinnah

Mohammad Ali Jinnah  

(1876–1948)Indian nationalist, Muslim leader, and founder of Pakistan.Born in Karachi, the son of a merchant, Jinnah was educated at schools in Karachi and Bombay before qualifying as a barrister at ...
Montagu–Chelmsford Report

Montagu–Chelmsford Report  

The First World War both increased Britain's need for Indian men and matériel and presented the Indian national movement with an opportunity to demand constitutional reform. Edwin Montagu, the ...
Morarji Desai

Morarji Desai  

(1896–1995)Indian statesman and nationalist leader. After the death of Jawaharlal Nehru, he was a strong contender for the post of Prime Minister, but his austere and autocratic style made him too ...
Muslim League

Muslim League  

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Political party founded in 1905 to represent the separate interests of the Indian Muslims, who felt threatened by the prospects of a Hindu majority in any future democratic system. The radical ...
non-cooperation

non-cooperation  

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A political campaign by the Indian National Congress organized and led by M. K. Gandhi (1920–22). Its aims were to force further concessions from the British government by organizing the boycotting ...
pacifism

pacifism  

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N.the belief that war and violence are unjustifiable and that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means.pacifist n. & adj.n.the belief that war and violence are unjustifiable and that all ...
passive resistance

passive resistance  

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Non-violent opposition to a ruling authority or government. It frequently involves a refusal to cooperate with the authorities or a defiant breach of laws and regulations and has been a major weapon ...

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