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Ahmed Sékou Touré

Ahmed Sékou Touré  

(b. 9 Jan. 1922, d. 26 Mar. 1984).President of Guinea 1958–84 Born in Faranah, he briefly attended a teacher's college before being expelled in 1937. He subsequently became active in the trade‐union ...
Benin

Benin  

[Ge]A kingdom in southern Nigeria famous for bronze casting. Using the cire perdue technique, metalworkers cast human heads and relief plaques in a long series which stylistic analyses suggest lasted ...
Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso  

A landlocked country in West Africa surrounded by Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Côte d'Ivoire.Physical.Burkina Faso lies on a plateau, rising highest in the west and cut in the centre by the ...
Central African Republic

Central African Republic  

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History
A landlocked country in Africa stretching west-to-east from Cameroon to the Sudan and south-to-north from humid equatorial forests bordering the Democratic Republic of Congo to the savannah plains of ...
Chad

Chad  

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History
Chad has had decades of civil war, and is still subject to many rebellions. Its future could be transformed by oilChad's territory forms a basin centred on Lake Chad on the western border. The ...
Congo

Congo  

The smaller of the two Congos is potentially oil rich, but its recurring civil war has held back developmentThe country's official name is the Republic of the Congo, though it is also known as Congo ...
Côte d'Ivoire

Côte d'Ivoire  

A tropical West African country, bounded on the west by Liberia and Guinea, on the north by Mali and Burkina Faso, and on the east by Ghana.Physical.Its south-facing coastline is rocky in the west ...
Félix Houphouët-Boigny

Félix Houphouët-Boigny  

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(1905–93)African statesman. In 1944 he was a co-founder of the Syndicat Agricole Africain, formed to protect Africans against European agriculturalists. He represented Côte d'Ivoire (formerly the ...
French empire

French empire  

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History
The colonial empire of France. France under the Valois family had come to approximate its modern boundaries by the end of the 15th century. Most of its colonial possessions were acquired during the ...
French Equatorial Africa

French Equatorial Africa  

An administrative amalgamation of French colonies in central‐west Africa formed in 1910, from which the modern states of the Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Gabon, and most of Cameroon (added ...
French Union

French Union  

A reorganization in 1946 of the French Empire to implement the Brazzaville Declaration. It proved unacceptable to both African and Indochinese nationalists, especially as it established little in the ...
French West Africa

French West Africa  

Following the establishment of French settlements on the African west coast in 1659 and a gradual extension of the French West African territory during the nineteenth century, it was created a ...
Gabon

Gabon  

An equatorial country on Africa's Atlantic coast, bounded inland by Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, and Congo.Physical.Along the coast of Gabon are many lagoons, mangrove swamps, and large deposits of ...
Guinea

Guinea  

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History
A West African country with an Atlantic coast, bounded on the north by Senegal and Mali, on the east by Côte d'Ivoire, and on the south by Liberia and Sierra Leone.Physical.Inland from the marshy ...
Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast  

Despite its ethnic diversity, the west African state has appeared as a beacon of political stability in the post‐colonial era.Contemporary history (up to 1995)Officially declared a French colony in ...
Madagascar

Madagascar  

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History
Madagascar remains riven by corruption and political conflictMadagascar is dominated by a central mountainous plateau that covers around two-thirds of the island—the highest peak is 2,800 metres. To ...
Mali

Mali  

A landlocked country in north-west Africa, sharing common boundaries with Mauritania, Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, and Senegal.Physical.The northern part of Mali is in the dry ...
Mauretania

Mauretania  

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A western African republic characterized since colonial times by ethnic tensions, between a well-educated Black minority and an underprivileged majority of Moors (a Muslim people of north-west ...
Mauritania

Mauritania  

A coastal country in north-west Africa, bounded by Morocco and Algeria on the north and by Mali and Senegal on the east and south.Physical.Most of Mauritania lies in the Sahara. Except in the ...
Niger

Niger  

A large, landlocked West African country surrounded by Algeria, Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, and Mali.Physical.The River Niger flows through the country in the extreme south-west, and ...

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