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Sigmund Freud

(1856—1939) founder of psychoanalysis

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collective behaviour

collective behaviour  

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Potentially a very wide-ranging field of study which deals with the ways in which collective behaviours emerge as responses to problematic circumstances and situations. At one extreme this can mean ...
Donald Woods Winnicott

Donald Woods Winnicott  

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(1896–1971)A British paediatrician and psychoanalyst whose work on the mother-baby relationship directed attention to the infant's environment and to ‘good-enough mothering’. Often discussed by ...
Erich Fromm

Erich Fromm  

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(1900–1980)German-born US psychoanalyst and social philosopher who emphasized the cultural determinants of personality. His works investigate emotional problems in free societies and advocate ...
object-relations theory

object-relations theory  

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A theory of object relations developed in the UK by the British-based Austrian psychoanalyst Melanie Klein (1882–1960), the English psychoanalyst Donald Woods Winnicott (1896–1971), the Scottish ...
over-socialized conception of man

over-socialized conception of man  

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A phrase devised by the American sociologist Dennis Hume Wrong, as part of his critique of functionalism in general, and the sociology of Talcott Parsons in particular. Wrong rejected Parsons's views ...
socialization

socialization  

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[Ge]The patterns of child‐rearing that serve to endorse behaviours and understandings of the world that are approved of by society.
symptomatic reading

symptomatic reading  

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A mode of reading literary and historical works proposed by French Marxist Louis Althusser which focuses on the text's underlying presuppositions. In particular it tries to determine what a ...
vocabularies of motive

vocabularies of motive  

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A concept outlined by the literary critic Kenneth Burke as one of his five dramatistic terms: who, what, when, where, and why? The term was first developed sociologically by C. Wright Mills (in ...
William Halse Rivers Rivers

William Halse Rivers Rivers  

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(1864–1922)Trained in medicine and developing an early interest in psychiatry, he became lecturer in psychology at Cambridge. He was recruited to the Torres Straits expedition in 1898, along with ...

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