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Sigmund Freud

(1856—1939) founder of psychoanalysis

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catharsis

catharsis  

The process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions. The notion of ‘release’ through drama derives from Aristotle's Poetics.The word comes from Greek katharsis, ...
displacement

displacement  

n. (in psychology) the substitution of one type of behaviour for another, usually the substitution of a relatively harmless activity for a harmful one; for example, kicking the cat instead of one’s ...
dreams

dreams  

Dream of a funeral and you hear of a marriage an illustration of the general proverbs dreams go by contraries; saying recorded from the mid 17th century.dream team a team of people perceived as the ...
God

God  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Buddhism is atheistic and does not believe in the existence of a Supreme Being or Creator God. However, it acknowledges the existence of a wide range of supernatural beings known as devas.many of ...
Greek creation

Greek creation  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The Greek story of creation—essentially the “official” creation myth of the Olympian religion—is most fully told by Hesiod in his Theogony. Hesiod tells us that in the beginning there was ...
Jacques Lacan

Jacques Lacan  

(1901–81)French psychoanalyst and intellectual. Lacan was director of the École Freudienne de Paris from 1963, but his influence rested more on the series of seminars that he gave at the university ...
Jung and the Bible.

Jung and the Bible.  

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Overview Page
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Religion
There would be little challenge to the proposition that Carl Jung (1875–1961) paid more attention to the Bible than any other psychoanalytic thinker or that his views of the Bible ...
Melanie Klein

Melanie Klein  

(1882–1960)Austrian psychoanalyst who was a major influence in child psychology and psychiatry, devising techniques of analysis that gave insight into the depths of a child's mind.Klein began her ...
Mordecai Menahem Kaplan

Mordecai Menahem Kaplan  

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Religion
(1881–1983), U.S. rabbi; founder of Reconstructionism. The son of an Orthodox rabbi, Kaplan, who arrived with his family in the United States at age nine, was ordained at the Jewish ...
Otto Rank

Otto Rank  

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Religion
Of or relating to the Austrian psychoanalyst Otto Rank (1884–1939) or his writings and doctrines. See will therapy.
overdetermination

overdetermination  

An event is overdetermined if there exist more than one antecedent events, any of which would be a sufficient condition for the event occurring. Analogously, a conclusion is overdetermined if it can ...
Projection

Projection  

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Religion
The theory that God and gods are merely objectifications of human needs, ideals, or desires. With few exceptions, the theory in modern Western thought forms part of reductionistic accounts of ...
psychology

psychology  

(sy-kol-ŏji)the science concerned with the study of behaviour and its related mental processes. The different schools of psychology include behaviourism, cognitive psychology, psychoanalysis, and ...
psychology of religion

psychology of religion  

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Religion
A modern field of study in which the concepts and methods of psychology are applied to religious experience and behaviour. One of the first to investigate such possible applications of psychology was ...
Psychosociology and myth

Psychosociology and myth  

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Overview Page
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Religion
This approach to myth, attributed to sociologist Philip Slater, makes use of Freudian psychoanalytic theory and sociology to study ancient mythology. In his work The Glory of Hera: Greek Mythology ...
sexuality

sexuality  

Both Greeks and Romans divided sexual behaviour into active/passive as well as (some say, ‘but not’) homosexual/heterosexual. The normative role for adult males was penetrative (‘active’); penetrated ...
suicide

suicide  

The act of intentionally ending one's own life. A suicide pact is an agreement between two (or more) people to commit suicide together. See also euthanasia.
totemism

totemism  

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Overview Page
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Religion
A form of identification between kinship groups and certain animals or natural phenomena. Totemism has been extensively debated in anthropology and has played a key role in theories about the ...

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