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Sigmund Freud

(1856—1939) founder of psychoanalysis

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catharsis

catharsis  

The process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions. The notion of ‘release’ through drama derives from Aristotle's Poetics.The word comes from Greek katharsis, ...
desire

desire  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
The standard model of human motivation, sometimes called the ‘Humean’ theory of motivation, is that it takes a desire and a belief. Belief by itself will not suffice, unless the objects of belief ...
displacement

displacement  

n. (in psychology) the substitution of one type of behaviour for another, usually the substitution of a relatively harmless activity for a harmful one; for example, kicking the cat instead of one’s ...
dreams

dreams  

Dream of a funeral and you hear of a marriage an illustration of the general proverbs dreams go by contraries; saying recorded from the mid 17th century.dream team a team of people perceived as the ...
Edwin Garrigues Boring

Edwin Garrigues Boring  

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Philosophy
(1886–1968).American psychologist, who became Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology at Harvard. He won distinction for his History of Experimental Psychology (1929; revised edition 1942), which traces ...
Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Nietzsche  

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Philosophy
(b Röcken, 15 Oct. 1844; d Weimar, 25 Aug. 1900).German philosopher. His influence on 19th- and 20th-century thought has been profound. He first met Wagner in 1868 and under ...
German Aesthetics

German Aesthetics  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The main theorists or artists in the history of aesthetics in the German-speaking world from the eighteenth century to the present are discussed in individual entries. See Adorno; Auerbach; ...
Granville Stanley Hall

Granville Stanley Hall  

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Philosophy
(1844–1924),Massachusetts-born professor of psychology at Antioch and Johns Hopkins (1881–88), where John Dewey was his student; and president of Clark University (1888–1920). He founded and edited ...
Jacques Lacan

Jacques Lacan  

(1901–81)French psychoanalyst and intellectual. Lacan was director of the École Freudienne de Paris from 1963, but his influence rested more on the series of seminars that he gave at the university ...
laws of thought

laws of thought  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Logic is badly described as investigating the laws of thought. Logic seeks to discover how thoughts, in the sense of the combination of propositions held at one time, must be structured, if they are ...
Luce Irigaray

Luce Irigaray  

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Philosophy
(1930– )Belgian feminist theorist, whose work explored the construction of sexual difference in western philosophy and psychoanalysis. Irigaray was educated at Louvain, and taught in Brussels and ...
Melanie Klein

Melanie Klein  

(1882–1960)Austrian psychoanalyst who was a major influence in child psychology and psychiatry, devising techniques of analysis that gave insight into the depths of a child's mind.Klein began her ...
overdetermination

overdetermination  

An event is overdetermined if there exist more than one antecedent events, any of which would be a sufficient condition for the event occurring. Analogously, a conclusion is overdetermined if it can ...
psychology

psychology  

(sy-kol-ŏji)the science concerned with the study of behaviour and its related mental processes. The different schools of psychology include behaviourism, cognitive psychology, psychoanalysis, and ...
Psychology of Art

Psychology of Art  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
All aspects of the human mind have applications to the arts. These aspects can be described under the three main headings of motivation, cognition, and emotion.Motivation refers to the ...
sexuality

sexuality  

Both Greeks and Romans divided sexual behaviour into active/passive as well as (some say, ‘but not’) homosexual/heterosexual. The normative role for adult males was penetrative (‘active’); penetrated ...
suicide

suicide  

The act of intentionally ending one's own life. A suicide pact is an agreement between two (or more) people to commit suicide together. See also euthanasia.
William James

William James  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1842–1910)American psychologist and philosopher. James was born into a wealthy New York family, and surrounded from an early age by a humanitarian, literary, and scholarly family life (his father ...

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