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Sigmund Freud

(1856—1939) founder of psychoanalysis

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Austrian art

Austrian art  

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Has been shaped by the country's position astride one of the main routes between the north and Italy, and on the fringe of eastern Europe and the Balkans. Until the ...
catharsis

catharsis  

The process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions. The notion of ‘release’ through drama derives from Aristotle's Poetics.The word comes from Greek katharsis, ...
displacement

displacement  

n. (in psychology) the substitution of one type of behaviour for another, usually the substitution of a relatively harmless activity for a harmful one; for example, kicking the cat instead of one’s ...
dreams

dreams  

Dream of a funeral and you hear of a marriage an illustration of the general proverbs dreams go by contraries; saying recorded from the mid 17th century.dream team a team of people perceived as the ...
Egon Schiele

Egon Schiele  

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(1890–1918)Austrian painter.Schiele joined the Vienna Academy of Art in 1906 but left in 1909 because his teacher disapproved of his paintings, which were influenced by the art nouveau artist Gustav ...
Jacques Lacan

Jacques Lacan  

(1901–81)French psychoanalyst and intellectual. Lacan was director of the École Freudienne de Paris from 1963, but his influence rested more on the series of seminars that he gave at the university ...
Lucian Freud

Lucian Freud  

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(1922–2011)British painter, born in Germany. He was made a CH in 1983 and appointed to the OM in 1993.A grandson of Sigmund Freud, Lucian Freud left Berlin in 1933 and became a British subject in ...
Melanie Klein

Melanie Klein  

(1882–1960)Austrian psychoanalyst who was a major influence in child psychology and psychiatry, devising techniques of analysis that gave insight into the depths of a child's mind.Klein began her ...
Oskar Kokoschka

Oskar Kokoschka  

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(1886–1980)Austrian-born expressionist painter, best known for his searching portraits.Kokoschka studied at the Vienna School of Arts (1904–09) at the time when Sigmund Freud was developing his ...
overdetermination

overdetermination  

An event is overdetermined if there exist more than one antecedent events, any of which would be a sufficient condition for the event occurring. Analogously, a conclusion is overdetermined if it can ...
psychology

psychology  

(sy-kol-ŏji)the science concerned with the study of behaviour and its related mental processes. The different schools of psychology include behaviourism, cognitive psychology, psychoanalysis, and ...
Salvador Dalí

Salvador Dalí  

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(1904–1989)Spanish painter, the most widely known of the surrealists.Dali's childhood, according to his autobiographical My Secret Life (1942), was punctuated by violence and hysterical fits. He was ...
sexuality

sexuality  

Both Greeks and Romans divided sexual behaviour into active/passive as well as (some say, ‘but not’) homosexual/heterosexual. The normative role for adult males was penetrative (‘active’); penetrated ...
suicide

suicide  

The act of intentionally ending one's own life. A suicide pact is an agreement between two (or more) people to commit suicide together. See also euthanasia.

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