Update

Overview

externality

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-10 of 10 entries  for:

  • Environmental Science x
clear all

View:

carbon tax

carbon tax  

A tax or surcharge on the sale of fossil fuels (oil, coal, and gas) that varies according to the carbon content of each fuel, and is designed to discourage the use of fossil fuels and reduce ...
environmental economics

environmental economics  

A branch of economics that takes into account the current and future monetary costs and benefits of environmental systems, human welfare, and biodiversity. See also cost–benefit analysis, ecological ...
Externalities

Externalities   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

Generally, the term refers to unintended effects of an activity or a process. Persons or communities affected are unwilling participants

internalization

internalization  

In accounting, the process of including in financial balance sheets the cost factors which were previously either not calculated (for example the cost of environmental damage) or met by society at ...
market cost

market cost  

The cost that a consumer pays to purchase a particular good or service, which usually fails to take into account environmental degradation and other externalities. See also true cost.
private opportunity cost

private opportunity cost  

The opportunity cost of using a resource that is experienced by an individual, excluding any externalities.
resources

resources  

An available supply of something that is valued because it can be used for a particular purpose, usually to satisfy particular human wants or desires. See also aesthetic resource, cultural resource, ...
sustainable development

sustainable development  

A concept that is used to describe community and economic development in terms of meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. See also ...
tradable emission permit

tradable emission permit  

In greenhouse gas emissions trading, an authorization that allows an emitter to emit a specified number of tonnes of emission within a given period of time. This allow emitters to determine the most ...
tragedy of the Commons

tragedy of the Commons  

G. Hardin (1968) described an increase in the use of common land by a number of graziers, with each grazier continually adding to his stock of animals for as long as the marginal return from each ...

View: