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Eratosthenes

(c. 276—194 bc) Greek scholar, geographer, and astronomer

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Antichthon and Antipodes

Antichthon and Antipodes  

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The Greeks were aware at an early stage that the Atlantic coast of Europe was not the limit of the inhabited, or habitable, world. Homer and Hesiod, perhaps with knowledge ...
geography

geography  

The study of the Earth's surface and of the ways in which people, plants, and animals live on and use it.
map

map  

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History
The Ionian Greeks produced the first maps in the classical tradition (Eratosthenes attributed the first map to Anaximander); the one shown to Cleomenes I of Sparta by Aristagoras of Miletus is one ...
Persian Gulf

Persian Gulf  

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A shallow, epicontinental sea located between lat. 24°–30° 30′ N. and long. 48°–56° 30′ W., c.1,000 km. long (625 mi.), 200–350 km. wide (125–200 mi.), narrowing to c.60 km. (40 ...
Trojan War

Trojan War  

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History
The Trojan War was waged by a Mycenaean Greek alliance led by King Agamemnon of Mycenae-Argos against the Asia Minor city of Troy and its allies. The war took place ...

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