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affluent society

affluent society  

A society in which material wealth is widely distributed; often with allusion to the book of that title (1958) by the American economist John Kenneth Galbraith.
banking

banking  

A system of trading in money which involved safeguarding deposits and making funds available for borrowers, banking developed in the Middle Ages in response to the growing need for credit in ...
land tenure

land tenure  

Land could be held in a number of ways. Theoretically all land was owned ultimately by the crown, but most of it has been ‘sold’ to private individuals or public ...
mercantilism

mercantilism  

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Overview Page
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History
The 17th-century economic belief that aimed to exploit natural resources fully to promote exports and limit imports. Mercantilists believed that the possession of gold or ‘bullion’ was all-important ...
money

money  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A medium of exchange allowing goods and services to be valued in terms of a legal tender consisting of objects with a high intrinsic value (gold) or a token value (banknotes), rather than traded ...
social science

social science  

Those disciplines that are concerned with the study of human behaviour, which include anthropology, economics, psychology, geography, political science, and sociology.
sociology

sociology  

The scholarly study of society, an ancient pursuit dating at least to classical Greece, if not earlier, that was systematized with linkages to economics, politics, history, demography, and vital ...
taxation

taxation  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Payment of Islamic taxes is considered a religious duty. The most important tax is zakah, which is based on wealth and paid annually. Cash holdings, asset disposals, and inventories are subject to ...
Theory of Business Enterprise

Theory of Business Enterprise  

(1904). In this sequel to his better-known Theory of the Leisure Class (1899), Thorstein Veblen painted an unflattering portrait of the business class.Inverting Horatio Alger's image of the virtuous ...
trade

trade  

[Ge]In archaeology this term tends to be used in its broadest sense to mean the transfer of goods between communities, recognizing that many different social mechanisms may be responsible for those ...
value

value  

A word with several quite different meanings: in statistical analysis of quantitative data-sets, the value is the score or figure observed on a particular variable for a particular case, or in ...

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