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economics

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accumulation of capital

accumulation of capital  

Reference type:
Overview Page
One of the fundamental topics in economics is the process by which the capital stock is accumulated. Labor productivity—the primary determinant of economic well-being—depends in large part on the ...
affluent society

affluent society  

A society in which material wealth is widely distributed; often with allusion to the book of that title (1958) by the American economist John Kenneth Galbraith.
banking

banking  

A system of trading in money which involved safeguarding deposits and making funds available for borrowers, banking developed in the Middle Ages in response to the growing need for credit in ...
Banking (Islamic)

Banking (Islamic)  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Islamic banking is interest-free banking inspired by Islamic law. Its uses include mudarabah (profit sharing), murabahah (advance purchase with later sale at marked-up price), ijarah (leasing or ...
capital

capital  

1 Man-made material resource used or available for use in production, for example machinery. This is also referred to as physical capital.2 Material or financial wealth, accumulated by an individual ...
capitalism

capitalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An economic system in which the factors of production are privately owned and individual owners of capital are free to make use of it as they see fit; in particular, for their own profit. In this ...
Capitalism and Islam

Capitalism and Islam  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Islamic concepts of capitalism can be found in Quranic support for and protection of individual rights to private property, commercial honesty, and competition tempered by concern for the ...
cathexis

cathexis  

In psychoanalysis, the emotional charge associated with an instinct (3), or the process of investing psychic energy in a part of the body or an instinctual object. The Austrian physician Josef Breuer ...
classical economics

classical economics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An economic theory based on the principles that both individuals and society prosper most with a minimum of political intervention, and that the allocation of a scarce resource is best decided ...
Commercial Law

Commercial Law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The areas of the legal system governing commerce, including (but not limited to) agency, contracts, company law, business entities and partnerships, insolvency, insurance, intellectual property, ...
Contract Law

Contract Law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
One of the eleven core subjects a law student must pass to qualify as a candidate for admission to practise law. See Priestley eleven.The principles of contract law govern ...
decision analysis

decision analysis  

A system of logic that uses elements of game theory and operational research to identify and quantify all available choices and their outcomes at each stage in designing a plan for preventive or ...
Diwan

Diwan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Central administration of Islamic state or specific branch of government, typically headed by a vizier. States typically had chancellery, financial, and military diwans, with separate diwans for ...
Dixon Court

Dixon Court  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(18 April 1952–13 April 1964).During this period, the Court's prestige was very high, not only in Australia, but in other common law countries. Lord Denning described it as the ...
ecological economics

ecological economics  

A branch of economics that takes into account ecological principles and examines the economic values of non‐market ecological products and services. See also environmental economics.
economics

economics   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
584 words

A field of study that consolidated in the late eighteenth century around inquiry into the generation of wealth, the growth

Economics

Economics   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
159 words

In economic matters Jews have generally adapted themselves to whichever economic system was in vogue in the particular country in

Economics

Economics   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,146 words

Adam Smith created the first systematic analysis of the economy, Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of

Economics

Economics   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
7,050 words

[This entry contains two subentries: Economic Theory Economic Institutions]

Economics

Economics   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,742 words

is essentially concerned with the production, distribution and consumption of scarce resources. It has often been applied as a basis

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