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Umberto Eco

(b. 1932) Italian novelist and semiotician

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aura

aura  

According to Benjamin (1936), the distinctive singularity of an original work of art, the potency of which he attributed to its authenticity, presence, uniqueness, and historical context. He argued ...
glossematics

glossematics  

Louis Hjelmslev's name for his theory of language. Like Ferdinand de Saussure, one of his key inspirations, Hjelmslev took the position that language is arbitrary in relation to the real world, which ...
heterotopia

heterotopia  

‘The coexistence in an impossible space of a large number of fragmentary possible worlds’ (M. Foucault1967). Cyberspace is a good example. See Soja in S. Watson and K. Gibson, eds. (1995).
open and closed work

open and closed work  

Italian semiotician and novelist Umberto Eco proposed this binary in his 1959 essay ‘L'opera in movimento e la coscienza dell'epoca’, translated as ‘The poetics of the open work’, to describe works ...
readerly

readerly  

An English rendering of Barthes' use of the word lisible (literally ‘legible’), a term he applied to realist texts that he saw as undemanding of the reader, employing familiar conventions or codes ...
simulation

simulation  

The view that our understanding of others is not gained by the tacit use of a ‘theory’, enabling us to infer what thoughts or intentions explain their actions, but by reliving the situation ‘in their ...
Vladimir Propp

Vladimir Propp  

(1895–1970)Russianliterary scholar and founding father of narratology. Born in St Petersburg, he attended St Petersburg University, studying philosophy. After graduation in 1918, he taught Russian ...

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