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Umberto Eco

(b. 1932) Italian novelist and semiotician

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Alfabeta

Alfabeta  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1979–88).Monthly periodical edited in Milan by a group of intellectuals which included Balestrini, Antonio Porta, Eco, and Corti. It adopted the format, title, and distribution methods of a ...
aura

aura  

According to Benjamin (1936), the distinctive singularity of an original work of art, the potency of which he attributed to its authenticity, presence, uniqueness, and historical context. He argued ...
beauty

beauty  

The central place of beauty in Plato's thought is witnessed in the Dialogues Phaedrus and Symposium. The perception of beauty induces anamnesis, a recollection of previous acquaintance with the ...
Bompiani

Bompiani  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Milanese publishing firm founded in 1929 by Valentino Bompiani, formerly an editor at Mondadori. It is notable for its many translations of American and British literature, its Almanacco letterario ...
code

code  

1 A numerical and/or alphabetical system for organizing and classifying information and data.2 A formal statement of acceptable ways for members of a defined professional group to behave, i.e., a ...
Francesco Leonetti

Francesco Leonetti  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1924– ).Militant intellectual, poet, and novelist, associated with several important literary periodicals since the 1950s. As a student in Bologna, Leonetti published his first book of poetry, Sopra ...
glossematics

glossematics  

Louis Hjelmslev's name for his theory of language. Like Ferdinand de Saussure, one of his key inspirations, Hjelmslev took the position that language is arbitrary in relation to the real world, which ...
heterotopia

heterotopia  

‘The coexistence in an impossible space of a large number of fragmentary possible worlds’ (M. Foucault1967). Cyberspace is a good example. See Soja in S. Watson and K. Gibson, eds. (1995).
Il Nome della rosa

Il Nome della rosa  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1980).Umberto Eco's first novel and his most successful commercially and aesthetically. Its plot centres on a murder investigation carried out in 1327 by an English Franciscan with Sherlock Holmes ...
il verri

il verri  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Literary periodical (always written in lower-case), with a strong philosophical component, founded as a quarterly in Milan in 1956 by Luciano Anceschi. It attracted many of the writers and ...
Luigi Natoli

Luigi Natoli  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1857–1941).Novelist and journalist, who wrote scrupulously researched historical novels set in his native Sicily, under the name William Galt. The most successful, I Beati Paoli (1909–10), relates ...
Luigi Pareyson

Luigi Pareyson  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1918–1991), Italian philosopher.Italian philosophy, particularly in the twentieth century, derives much of its fascination and importance from the way in which philosophical theories, such as, to ...
Neoavanguardia

Neoavanguardia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Avant-garde movement, dated approximately 1956–68, in Italian literature, but not covering all avant-garde art of this period, and termed ‘neo’ to distinguish it from the ‘historic’ avant-gardes (as ...
open and closed work

open and closed work  

Italian semiotician and novelist Umberto Eco proposed this binary in his 1959 essay ‘L'opera in movimento e la coscienza dell'epoca’, translated as ‘The poetics of the open work’, to describe works ...
Quindici

Quindici  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1967–9). Review published in Rome, initially monthly, and edited first by Alfredo Giuliani and then from 1968 by Nanni Balestrini. It developed from the Gruppo 63, from whom it drew ...
readerly

readerly  

An English rendering of Barthes' use of the word lisible (literally ‘legible’), a term he applied to realist texts that he saw as undemanding of the reader, employing familiar conventions or codes ...
Roberto Cotroneo

Roberto Cotroneo  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1961– ).Journalist and writer who has been arts editor for L'Espresso since 1987. His literary criticism includes La diffidenza come sistema (1985) on the fiction of Umberto Eco and Se ...
Romanzo d'appendice

Romanzo d'appendice  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The term is used, like the French feuilleton, of novels published in instalments in newspapers (usually on the lower half of a page or in a separate section) or in ...
semiotics

semiotics  

[Ge]The study of the ways in which non‐linguistic phenomena can generate meaning. In archaeology this is especially important because of its focus on material culture which is well known as a means ...
simulation

simulation  

The view that our understanding of others is not gained by the tacit use of a ‘theory’, enabling us to infer what thoughts or intentions explain their actions, but by reliving the situation ‘in their ...

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