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Daniel Defoe

(1660—1731) writer and businessman

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Bernard Mandeville

Bernard Mandeville  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(c.1670–1733)Dutch doctor and moral philosopher. Born in Rotterdam of a distinguished medical family, Mandeville settled in Britain shortly after taking his degree in 1691. He is known for The Fable ...
Charles Leslie

Charles Leslie  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1650–1722), Nonjuror. Deprived of his benefice in Ireland, he came to London in 1689. His most celebrated work was an attack on Deist philosophy, A Short and Easy Method with the Deists (1698).
dissenting academies

dissenting academies  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
The Act of Uniformity (1662) excluded dissenting ministers from their posts. Many, out of necessity, became teachers. Dissenting academies were particularly popular in Devon, Lancashire, London, and ...
literature and philosophy

literature and philosophy  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
Some philosophical writing, though not very much, it has to be said, displays literary merit. Plato was a great writer and the British Empiricists are admired for the vivacity of ...
Matthew Hale

Matthew Hale  

(1609–76)Hale was born at Alderley, Gloucestershire 1 November 1609, and died there on 25 December 1676. The son of a barrister, Hale was orphaned at the age of five ...
orientalism

orientalism  

Architecture and design drawing on Islamic, Chinese, Japanese, Ottoman and the Eastern styles, such as Chinoiserie or the Hindoo style.Conner (1979);Crinson (1996);Honour (1961);Impey (1977)
Richard Price

Richard Price  

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Philosophy
(1723–91)Welsh dissenting minister, moral philosopher, and actuary. Price's A Review of the Principal Questions in Morals (1758) is a late defence of rationalism in moral philosophy, against the ...
Robert Owen

Robert Owen  

(1771–1858)Welsh social reformer. Owen is best remembered as a campaigner against the abuses of the industrial revolution, and for the model cotton factory he set up in New Lanark. In political ...
Thomas Percival

Thomas Percival  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1740–1804)English nonconformist physician, and pioneer of public health. Percival is remembered philosophically since his book Medical Ethics (1803) is the first comprehensive treatise on the ...
turkey

turkey  

[Sp]Large game‐bird of the Phasianidae family (Meleagris gallopavo) with dark plumage, native to North America from Canada down to Mexico. Widely hunted from Archaic times onwards, especially in the ...

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