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battle of Bothwell Bridge

battle of Bothwell Bridge  

1679.After the murder in May 1679 of Archbishop James Sharp of St Andrews, a zealous episcopalian, the covenanters rose in the south‐west. They defeated John Graham of Claverhouse (Viscount Dundee) ...
battle of Drumclog

battle of Drumclog  

1679.John Graham (Dundee) of Claverhouse, attempting to disperse a rising of covenanters on 1 June, was sharply repulsed in a skirmish at Drumclog, near Strathaven. The engagement was described by ...
Bishops' Wars

Bishops' Wars  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1639–40)Two brief conflicts over Charles I's attempt to impose Anglicanism on the Scots, and important as a factor leading to the outbreak of the English Civil War. Since 1625 the king had been ...
buildings

buildings  

1. civic and administrative;2. educational;3. industrial and commercial;4. defensive and military.1. civic and administrative;2. educational;3. industrial and commercial;4. defensive and ...
Cameronians

Cameronians  

Known as the ‘Society people’ until 1690, these covenanters of south‐west Scotland followed the extensive field preaching of Richard Cameron (1648–80) and Donald Cargill (c. 1627–81). After Cameron ...
Campbell family

Campbell family  

Originating in Argyll, the Campbells first came to prominence under Robert I (1306–29), already aiding the crown against other Highland families. From 1457, led by the Campbell earls of Argyll ...
Cavalier Parliament

Cavalier Parliament  

(1661–79)The first Parliament in Charles II's reign to be elected by royal writ. Strongly Royalist and Anglican in composition, it contained 100 members from the Long Parliament of Charles I. Its ...
Charles II

Charles II  

(1630–85),king of England, Ireland, and Scotland (acceded 1649, restored 1660–85). Charles received his practical education in 1648–51 when he learnt how to adapt to rapidly changing circumstances, ...
Covenanters

Covenanters   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Scottish History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
829 words

was the popular term for those who resisted the Restoration church settlement in Scotland. The Restoration regime in Scotland, which

Disruption

Disruption  

(1843). The split in the Established Church of Scotland when the Free Church of Scotland was formed by the secession of 474 (out of 1,203) ministers. See also Ten Years' Conflict.
George Mackenzie

George Mackenzie  

(1636–91).‘Bloody Mackenzie’ was a nephew of the 2nd earl of Seaforth [S], briefly secretary of state [S] to Charles II in exile. A lawyer by profession, he opposed the rule of Lauderdale at first ...
National Covenant

National Covenant  

(1638). The Covenant of Scottish Presbyterians inaugurated at Edinburgh in answer to the attempt to impose on the Scottish Church the 1637 BCP.
2nd duke of Hamilton, William Hamilton

2nd duke of Hamilton, William Hamilton  

(1616–51).Scottish royalist leader in civil wars. Hamilton was educated at the University of Glasgow, created earl of Lanark in 1639, and made secretary of state for Scotland the following year. He ...
2nd earl of Lauderdale, John Maitland

2nd earl of Lauderdale, John Maitland  

[S] (1616–82).Born to a Lowland territorial base, Lauderdale subscribed to the Scottish National Covenant in 1638 and usually adhered to the nationalist and monarchic persuasions which underlay it. ...
2nd marquis of Huntly, George Gordon

2nd marquis of Huntly, George Gordon  

(1592–1649).Huntly played a curiously ineffective role in Scotland during the Civil War. He spent much of his early life at the court of James I and then in France. In 1632 he was created Viscount ...
Newcastle propositions

Newcastle propositions  

1646.At the end of the first civil war, Charles I surrendered to the Scots, who removed him to Newcastle. Negotiations for a settlement began. In July, Parliament's commissioners demanded that the ...
Pentland rising

Pentland rising  

1666.Support for the covenant was strong in south‐west Scotland and clandestine conventicles continued after the Restoration. In November 1666 an incident at Dalry, near New Galloway, sparked off a ...
Restoration

Restoration  

(1660)The re-establishment in England and Scotland of the Stuart monarchy by placing Charles II, the exiled son of Charles I, on the throne. The Restoration was accompanied by the revival of the ...
Robert Baillie

Robert Baillie  

(1599–1662).Cleric. Baillie was born in Glasgow and educated at the university there. Appointed to a living at Kilwinning in Ayrshire, he took part in the Glasgow Assembly, protested against ...
Solemn League and Covenant

Solemn League and Covenant  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
An agreement made in 1643 between the English Parliament and the Scottish Covenanters during the English Civil War, by which the Scots would provide military aid in return for the establishment of a ...

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