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abstraction

abstraction  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Supposed process of forming an idea by abstracting out what is common to a variety of instances: a process stressed, for example, by Aquinas in his moderate solution to the problem of universals ...
family resemblance

family resemblance  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The phenomenon stressed in his later work by Wittgenstein, that the objects denoted by a term may be tied together not by one common property, but by a network of resemblances, like the persons whose ...
Gottlob Frege

Gottlob Frege  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1848–1925)German mathematician, logician, and philosopher who laid the foundations for modern investigations into the philosophy of logic and language.Born in Wismar (now East Germany), the son of a ...
open texture

open texture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The term, due to Waismann, for the fact that however tightly we think we define an expression, there always remains a set of (possibly remote) possibilities under which there would be no right answer ...
philosophical logic

philosophical logic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Despite its name, philosophical logic is neither a kind of logic nor simply to be identified with the philosophy of logic(s)—the latter being the philosophical examination of systems of logic ...
polar concepts

polar concepts  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Concepts that gain their identity partly through their contrast with one another: seems/is, light/dark, physical/mental, individual/social, masculine/feminine, yin/yang, are possible examples. ...
predication

predication  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
To predicate something of a subject or subjects is to describe it or them as having some property or as standing in some relation. A temptation is to think of a predicate as itself the name of a ...
rules

rules  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
In general, norms which either guide or constrain behaviour or thought.Ever since Wittgenstein, philosophers have focused their interest on the notion of rule or norm which is relevant to ...
Vorstellung

Vorstellung  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
German for ‘putting forward’, hence ‘representation’ or ‘idea’ as used by British Empiricists. Like ‘idea’, Vorstellung has a narrow and a wide sense. (1) It is a mental image, picture ...

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