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Achille Campanile

Achille Campanile  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1900–77).Roman playwright, novelist, and journalist. His Futurist theatrical works, such as Centocinquanta la gallina canta (1925), won critical acclaim. But he had more popular success with novels ...
Alberto Bevilacqua

Alberto Bevilacqua  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1934– ).Novelist who is also a prolific journalist and cinema director. He achieved widespread popularity with La califfa (1964), which he adapted as his first film in 1966. His numerous ...
Aldo Busi

Aldo Busi  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1948– )is one of Italy's most prominent and prolific contemporary writers. He has also established himself as a media celebrity, famous for his outrageous charm, and as an acute critic ...
Alessandro Blasetti

Alessandro Blasetti  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1900–87).Italy's foremost film director in the 1930s, very active after World War II, but known mostly for his historical films, such as 1860 (1933) on Garibaldi's first expedition. His ...
Alfred Hitchcock

Alfred Hitchcock  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1899–1980)Film director, born in Leytonstone in east London and educated by Jesuits; he began working in cinema as a designer in 1920, and directing in 1925. The Lodger (1927) ...
Anna Banti

Anna Banti  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1895–1985).Novelist born in Florence who studied history of art in Rome, where she met and married the art historian Roberto Longhi. Her last work, Un grido lacerante (1981), presents ...
Attilio Bertolucci

Attilio Bertolucci  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1911–2000).One of the most important poets of the generation after Montale. Born near Parma, he took a degree in literature at Bologna. After university he taught in Parma until ...
Belfagor

Belfagor  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1945– ).Fortnightly magazine of politics and culture, taking its name from the arch-devil in Machiavelli's satirical novella. Founded by the literary historian Luigi Russo, it was published ...
Carlo Lizzani

Carlo Lizzani  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1922– ),film director, scriptwriter, and historian. He began scripting Neorealist films, then directed his own, often about the Resistance (for example Achtung! Banditi! of 1951), or Italian 20th-c. ...
censorship

censorship  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
1. Any regime or context in which the content of what is publically expressed, exhibited, published, broadcast, or otherwise distributed is regulated or in which the circulation of information is ...
Cesare Zavattini

Cesare Zavattini  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1902–1989), Italian writer, scriptwriter, painter, and journalist. His work is incisive and polemic but it is also characterized by a tender, fantastic sense of humor; and his interest in children ...
Christian Metz

Christian Metz  

(1931–93)Frenchfilm theorist. Metz introduced film studies to both structuralism and psychoanalysis and in the process helped initiate the establishment of film theory. Instead of asking what films ...
comics

comics  

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Overview Page
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Literature
These flourished from the end of the 19th century with Ally Sloper's Half‐Holiday (1884–1923) widely acknowledged as the publication that established the form, although comic strips had appeared ...
Curzio Malaparte

Curzio Malaparte  

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Literature
(1898–1957)Controversial writer and journalist. Born in Prato, and already politically active before World War I, he was a volunteer who saw service on various fronts. He first became widely ...
documentary film

documentary film  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Emerged in Britain during the 1930s as a distinctive kind of non‐fiction cinema, inspired equally by the romantic ethnography of Robert Flaherty (1884–1951), by Russian film‐makers' montage ...
Ercole Patti

Ercole Patti  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1905–76).Rome-based writer who published several collections of journalistic writing between the wars, and also nostalgically satirical sketches of high society under Fascism in Quartieri alti ...
Francesco Rosi

Francesco Rosi  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1922– )began his film career as assistant to Luchino Visconti on La terra trema in 1948, making the step to direction with La sfida ten years later. Although he has ...
Germaine Dulac

Germaine Dulac  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1882–1942).Feminist filmmaker and theorist of the silent period; she directed the sensational La Coquille et le clergyman (1927), scripted by Artaud [see cinema; Surrealism].
Giuseppe Marotta

Giuseppe Marotta  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1902–64).Neapolitan writer who went to Milan in 1925 to work in journalism. He contributed humorous articles and stories to the Corriere della sera and L'Europeo, as well as writing ...
Grazia Deledda

Grazia Deledda  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1871–1936).Prolific and important novelist, who also wrote short stories, essays, plays, and stories for children.She was born and grew up in Sardinia, not progressing beyond elementary school but ...

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