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Noam Chomsky

(b. 1928) American theoretical linguist

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B. F. Skinner

B. F. Skinner  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1904–1990)US psychologist and one of the leading members of a US-based school of experimental psychology that arose in the 1930s and was concerned with investigating the learning ability of animals ...
Chomsky, Noam

Chomsky, Noam (1928– )   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
762 words

(1928– ).

American linguist and philosopher whose pioneering work on language, Syntactic Structures (1957), and devastating ‘Review

Chomsky, Noam Avram

Chomsky, Noam Avram (1928–)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,698 words

Noam Chomsky was born on 7 December 1928 to William (Zev) Chomsky and Elsie Simonofsky in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His father

Edward Sapir

Edward Sapir  

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Philosophy
(1884–1939)German-born US linguist and anthropologist.Born in Lauenberg, Germany, Sapir went to the USA in 1889, at the age of five, and graduated from Columbia University, where he studied German ...
generative grammar

generative grammar  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The theory of language structures first proposed in Chomsky's Syntactic Structures (1957). Just as physics studies the forms of physically possible processes, so linguistics should study the form of ...
George Armitage Miller

George Armitage Miller  

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Philosophy
(1920–)George A. Miller was born on 3 February 1920 in Charleston, West Virginia. He received his BA in 1940 and a Masters in Speech Science in 1941, both from ...
Gilbert Harman

Gilbert Harman  

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Philosophy
(1938– ).Professor of Philosophy at Princeton University, best known for contributions in the philosophy of mind, epistemology, and ethics. Although it is common to equate ‘being rational’ with ...
innate ideas

innate ideas  

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Philosophy
Ideas that are inborn and not the product of experience. The controversy over their existence formed a major element in Locke's rejection of the philosophy of Descartes, and Locke was in turn ...
Jerrold Jacob Katz

Jerrold Jacob Katz  

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Philosophy
(1932–2002)Jerrold Katz was born on 14 July 1932 in Washington, D.C. He received his BA from George Washington University in 1954. He served with the US Army Counter Intelligence ...
Jerry Alan Fodor

Jerry Alan Fodor  

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Philosophy
(1935– )American philosopher of mind. Born in New York city and educated at Columbia and Princeton, Fodor teaches at Rutgers and the City University of New York. He is known for a resolute realism ...
language of thought

language of thought  

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Philosophy
Following Aristotle some have argued that the significance of spoken words derives from intrinsically meaningful interior ‘speech’. According to Ockham the propositio vocalis is posterior to and ...
Leonard Bloomfield

Leonard Bloomfield  

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Philosophy
(1887–1949)US linguist, regarded as the most important structural linguist of his generation.Born in Chicago, Bloomfield was educated at Harvard and subsequently taught first Germanic philology and ...
poverty of the stimulus

poverty of the stimulus  

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Philosophy
In general, the psychological fact that our reactions to the stimuli provided by experience outrun and go beyond anything that is neutrally ‘given’ by the stimulus. In particular, in the polemic of ...
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

Sapir-Whorf hypothesis  

Broadly, the belief that people who speak different languages perceive and think about the world quite differently, their worldviews being shaped or determined by the language of their culture (a ...
syntax

syntax  

The arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language. Recorded from the late 16th century, the word comes via French or late Latin from Greek suntaxis, from sun- ...
Zellig Sabbetai Harris

Zellig Sabbetai Harris  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1909–1992). American linguist.Starting as a Semitist and the author of important work on Ugaritic and Phoenician, he became the leading theorist of the Post-Bloomfieldian school in the United States ...

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