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Albigenses

Albigenses  

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Religion
A medieval term for the inhabitants of parts of S. France applied to the heretics who were strong there in the late 12th and early 13th cents. They were a branch of the Cathars. They were condemned ...
Bogomils

Bogomils  

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Religion
A member of a heretical medieval Balkan sect professing a modified form of Manichaeism. The name is recorded from the mid 19th century, and comes from medieval Greek Bogomilos, from Bogomil, ...
Docetism

Docetism  

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Religion
In the early Church a tendency, rather than a formulated doctrine, which considered the humanity and sufferings of the earthly Christ as apparent rather than real. In some forms it held that Christ ...
dualism

dualism  

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Religion
1 A metaphysical system which holds that good and evil are the product of separate and equally ultimate first causes.2 The view that in the Incarnate Christ there were not merely two natures but two ...
heresy

heresy  

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Religion
Belief or opinion contrary to orthodox religious (especially Christian) doctrine. Recorded from Middle English, the word comes via Old French and Latin from Greek hairesis ‘choice’ (in ecclesiastial ...
Hildegard of Bingen

Hildegard of Bingen  

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Religion
(b Bemersheim, 1098; d Rupertsberg, 1179).Ger. abbess, mystic, and writer. Took veil at 15. Became superior at Benedictine monastery of Disibodenberg 1136. c.1147 founded monastery on the ...
metempsychosis

metempsychosis  

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Religion
The supposed transmigration at death of the soul of a human being or animal into a new body of the same or a different species, chiefly in Pythagoreanism and certain Eastern religions.
rosary

rosary  

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Religion
Arabic misbahah; tasbih; subhah. String of thirty-three beads used by Muslims since the ninth century to count repetition of prayers and recite the names of God. Probably adapted from similar devices ...
secular arm

secular arm  

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Religion
The legal authority of the civil power as invoked by the Church to punish offenders; the phrase is a translation of medieval Latin brachium seculare, and is recorded from late Middle English.
St Dominic

St Dominic  

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(1170–1221).Founder of the Dominicans. Born in Old Castile, he became a canon regular in Osma. With his bishop, Diego d'Azevedo, he initiated a new style of evangelization in Languedoc ...
Waldenses

Waldenses  

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Religion
Since the 12th cent. the name ‘Waldenses’ has been applied to several groups of heretics. In the 16th cent. one group adopted Calvinism and formed a ‘Waldensian’ Protestant Church, the ‘Chiesa ...

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