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Avignon Papacy

Avignon Papacy  

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Overview Page
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Literature
This is the period between 1309 and the early 15th c. when the popes lived at Avignon, an enclave in the Comtat Venaissin ceded to the papacy in 1229 after ...
Canso de la crotzada

Canso de la crotzada  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
This Occitan song recounting the Albigensian Crusade (1209–29), waged ostensibly against Catharism, is an incomplete epic poem of 9,582 lines, the work of two authors. The first third, covering the ...
Flamenca

Flamenca  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Occitan romance, probably composed after 1263 in the south of Occitania, though set in northern France. The beginning and end are missing. The heroine, Flamenca, is kept locked up by ...
French

French  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Among the many territories conquered by speakers of Latin during the creation of the Roman Empire was a large area occupied predominantly by Celts, and known then as Gallia (later ...
Occitan

Occitan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The medieval or modern language of Languedoc, including literary Provençal of the 12th–14th centuries.
Regions and Départements of France

Regions and Départements of France  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The ‘hexagone’ of present‐day France is the outcome of a long historical process, the creation of a nation by the gradual annexation of neighbouring territories. Over this long period, France has ...
Simone Weil

Simone Weil  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1909–1943)French philosopher, whose life and thought fit into no obvious categories.Born in Paris, the daughter of a doctor, she came from an agnostic intellectual Jewish background. Her brother ...
Vaudois

Vaudois  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Heretical Christian sect which grew out of an anti‐sacerdotal movement begun by Peter Waldo of Lyon in the 12th c. Practising apostolic poverty and moral austerity, they established a strong ...

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