Overview

Catholic Church

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-17 of 17 entries  for:

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

abortion

abortion  

There is no actual prohibition in the Bible against aborting a foetus. Nevertheless, in the unanimously accepted Jewish consensus, abortion is a very serious offence, though foeticide is not treated ...
Anglicanism

Anglicanism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Of, relating to, or denoting the Church of England or any Church in communion with it. The name comes (in the early 17th century) from medieval Latin Anglicanus (its adoption suggested by Anglicana ...
archive

archive  

A historical document. The plural form is also applied to the place where such documents are housed, e.g. a county record office.
Christian Democracy

Christian Democracy  

Christian democracy has been a successful post‐war political movement in Western Europe and, to a lesser extent, Latin America. Its sociological and ideological origins, however, lie in the ...
congregationalism

congregationalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Protestant churches based on local autonomy and the equality of all believers. Baptism and the Lord's Supper are the only sacraments accepted. As in other reformed Churches, there are ministers who ...
ecumenical Movement

ecumenical Movement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The movement in the Church towards the visible union of all believers in Christ. Aspirations for unity can be traced from NT times. The modern ecumenical movement may be dated from the Edinburgh ...
John Paul II

John Paul II  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
1920–2005)Polish-born pope (1978–2005) whose many travels abroad included a visit to Britain (1982) and tours of his native country (1979, 1987, and 1991).Wojtyla was born in Wadowice, Poland, the ...
John XXIII

John XXIII  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
1881–1963)Pope (1958–63) who, by convening the Second Vatican Council (1962–65), set in motion the process of ‘aggiornamento’ – bringing the Catholic Church up to date to meet the demands of the ...
liberation Theology

liberation Theology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A theological movement that came to prominence in the Conference of Latin American bishops held at Medellín in Colombia in 1968. The term ‘liberation’ springs from dislike of ‘development’, which is ...
Maronites

Maronites  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A member of a Christian sect of Syrian origin, living chiefly in Lebanon and in communion with the Roman Catholic Church. The name comes ultimately from the name of John Maro, a 7th-century Syrian ...
Orthodox Church

Orthodox Church  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A family of Churches, mostly situated mainly in E. Europe; each Church is independent in its internal administration, but all share the same faith and are in communion with each other, acknowledging ...
Paul VI

Paul VI  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
1897–1978)Pope (1963–78) who undertook the process of modernization of the Catholic Church initiated by the Second Vatican Council (1962–65).The son of a middle-class lawyer and editor from the ...
Pius XII

Pius XII  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1876–1958)Pope (1939–58). He upheld the neutrality of the Roman Catholic Church during World War II, maintaining diplomatic relations with both Allied and Axis governments. After the war criticism ...
Roman Catholic Church

Roman Catholic Church  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Christian Church that acknowledges the pope as its head, especially as this has developed since the Reformation. It has an elaborately organized hierarchy of bishops and priests. Popes are ...
Sectarianism

Sectarianism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A narrow‐minded adherence to a particular sect (political, ethnic, or religious), often leading to conflict with those of different sects or possessing different beliefs. Sectarian conflicts are ...
secularization

secularization  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The process by which sacred beliefs are weakened over time, religion becomes less influential in social life, and scientific and other rationalist worldviews come to dominate both the understanding ...

View: