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bureaucracy

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aristocracy

aristocracy  

A vague term, derived from the Greek aristokratia, meaning the rule of the best. It is broader than peerage or even nobility. In common parlance it was usually taken to mean the upper classes or ...
Bureaucracy

Bureaucracy   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,093 words

Byz. was governed by the emperor and administered by a corps of officials. The Byz. did not restrict the ruling

Bureaucracy

Bureaucracy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,539 words

according to political scientist Alan Davies, is something for which Australians have a talent. This capacity is surprising, given

bureaucracy

bureaucracy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
271 words

in independent Ireland reflects many of the strengths and weaknesses of British administrative culture. The key defining instruments are the

Bureaucracy

Bureaucracy   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,876 words
Illustration(s):
1

 The term “bureaucracy” roughly translates from French as “rule from desks.” Collectively the term refers to organizations that administer rules.

Bureaucracy

Bureaucracy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
927 words

In common with all advanced, industrialized nations, the United States needs a large bureaucracy to develop and implement a wide

bureaucracy

bureaucracy   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
40 words

[De]

A type of organization marked by a clear hierarchy of authority, the existence of written rules of procedure, and

bureaucracy

bureaucracy   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
1 An administrative organization based on a hierarchical structure and governed by written rules and established procedures. The authority attached to an official and the ... More
bureaucracy (Greek)

bureaucracy (Greek)   Reference library

P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
318 words
Because the Greek world remained a world of separate, small states, and because those states entrusted their administration as far as possible to individual citizens or boards of citizens, ... More
bureaucratization

bureaucratization  

Is the process of increasing the amount of formal rules and procedures in an organization. [See bureaucracy.]
bureaupathology

bureaupathology  

The manifestations of exaggerated bureaucratic behaviour (see bureaucracy). They include resistance to change, an obsessive reliance on rules and regulations, and an individual incapability of ...
bureausis

bureausis  

A reaction against bureaucratic behaviour (see bureaucracy; bureaupathology) by an individual (usually a client). The individual demands personal attention and refuses to abide by the rules and ...
charisma

charisma  

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Overview Page
Is a quality possessed by some individuals that encourages others to listen and follow. Charismatic leaders tend to be self-confident, visionary, and change oriented, often with eccentric or unusual ...
civil service

civil service  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Government posts were filled by patronage until well into the reign of Victoria. The Northcote–Trevelyan Report (1854) recommended changes, including entry to a civil service by competitive ...
concept-construction

concept-construction  

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Overview Page
The process whereby concepts are developed as a means of developing knowledge in a field, or contributing to the fuller theoretical understanding of the field. For Max Weber, the science of sociology ...
consumption

consumption  

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Overview Page
1 The process of using resources to satisfy human wants or needs.2 In water supply, the fraction of the water that is not available for use by humans.
corporation

corporation  

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Overview Page
N.An entity that has legal personality, i.e. it is capable of enjoying and being subject to legal rights and duties (see juristic person) and possesses the capacity of succession. A corporation ...
democracy

democracy  

[Ge]A political system that allows the citizens to participate in political decision‐making, or to elect representatives to government bodies.
denomination

denomination  

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Overview Page
Most English, Welsh, and Scottish schools tend to be non‐denominational, and thus religious observance and study are not a compulsory part of the curriculum. In Scotland those which are ...
diplomacy

diplomacy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
N.the profession, activity, or skill of managing international relations, typically by a country's representatives abroad: an extensive round of diplomacy in the Middle East.

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