Overview

David Ben-Gurion

(1886—1973) Israeli statesman

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Golda Meir

Golda Meir  

(b. 3 May 1898, d. 8 Dec. 1978).Prime Minister of Israel 1969–74 Born Golda Mabovitch in Kiev, Russia, she emigrated with her parents to Milwaukee (USA) in 1907. She married Morris Mayerson, and they ...
Israel

Israel  

After half a century of war and hostility, peace with the Palestinians seems as remote as everIsrael can be considered to have four main geographical regions. To the north is a hilly region that ...
Itzhak Ben-zvi

Itzhak Ben-zvi  

(b. 6 Dec. 1884, d. Apr. 1963).Hebrew scholar, President of Israel 1952–63 Born in Poltava (Ukraine), he became an active Zionist. He narrowly escaped the 1906 pogroms there and left for Palestine. ...
Jewish Agency

Jewish Agency  

An organization established by Britain to comply with its League of Nations Mandate, to represent the Jewish community in Palestine. It was formally constituted in 1929, although it had in fact been ...
Jewish Legion

Jewish Legion  

A number of military units formed in 1917 to help the British liberate Palestine from the rule of the Ottoman Empire. One battalion was recruited in England, another in the USA, and others in Egypt ...
Levi Eshkol

Levi Eshkol  

(b. 25 Oct. 1895, d. 6 Feb. 1969).Prime Minister of Israel 1963–9 Born Levi Scholnik at Oratovo (Ukraine), he went to Palestine in 1914 and became a farm labourer. When the British entered Palestine ...
Mapai

Mapai  

Founded in 1930 as the merger of two socialist parties, the Ahdut Haavoda and Hapoel Hatzair. It aimed at the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine. This would be an agricultural and ...
Menachem Begin

Menachem Begin  

(b. 16 Aug. 1913, d. 9 Mar. 1992).Prime Minister of Israel 1977–83 Born in Brest‐Litovsk in White Russia (later Poland), he graduated in law from the University of Warsaw. He was soon active in the ...
Moshe Dayan

Moshe Dayan  

(b. 20 May 1915, d. 16 Oct. 1981).Israeli general and Minister of Defence, 1967–74 Born in Kibbutz Degania, he studied at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he joined the Haganah. In 1941, he ...
Shimon Peres

Shimon Peres  

(b. 16 Aug. 1923).Prime Minster of Israel 1977, 1984–6, 1995–6Early careerBorn Shimon Peresky at Vishneva, Poland, he arrived in Palestine in 1934. He became active in the kibbutz movement as well as ...

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