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ʿAlī Khameneʿi

ʿAlī Khameneʿi  

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Religion
ʿAlī Khameneʿi was born in 1939in Mashhad, Iran. His father, Sayyid Javad, was himself a low ranking cleric. The family is ethnically Azari, from Khamenāh. Khameneʿi attended local elementary and ...
Fuqaha

Fuqaha  

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(Arab., pl. of faqih),jurists possessing deep knowledge of fiqh, such as the ayatollahs and ʿulamā of the Muslim world.
Ḥosayn Borujerdi

Ḥosayn Borujerdi  

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Religion
Ḥosayn Ṭabāṭabāʿī Borujerdi (also rendered Ḥusayn Ṭabāṭabāʿī Burūjirdī) (1875–1961),was a Shīʿī jurisprudent and seminary director who was the sole marjaʿ al-taqlīd (source of emulation) for all ...
Marja al-Taqlid

Marja al-Taqlid  

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Religion
Authority to be followed. Highest-ranking authorities of Twelver Shii community, who execute shariah. The term is usually applied to between four and eight high-ranking jurists (ayatollahs) locally ...
Ruḥ Allah Khumayni

Ruḥ Allah Khumayni  

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(1902–89).Religious leader among Ithna ʿAshariyya (Twelver) Shiʿite Muslims, and figurehead of the Islamic Revolution in Iran. He was born in Khumayn and followed a path of Islamic education in ...
Ruhollah Khomeini

Ruhollah Khomeini  

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(1900–89)Iranian Shiite Muslim leader. After 16 years in exile he returned to Iran in 1979 to lead an Islamic revolution which overthrew the shah. He established a fundamentalist Islamic republic, ...

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