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Avesta

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Ahura Mazda

Ahura Mazda  

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The creator god of Zoroastrianism, the force for good and the opponent of Ahriman; also called Ormazd. The name is Avestan, and means literally ‘wise deity’.
Aryan

Aryan  

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A group of Indo-European speaking people who spread through Iran and N. India in the early 2nd millenium bce. This is the so-called Aryan invasion.
Pahlavi texts

Pahlavi texts  

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Religion
The Zoroastrian sacred book, the Avesta, was translated into the Middle Iranian or Pahlavi language from the no- longer-understood older Avestan language beginning in about 250 c.e. These ...
Roman mythology

Roman mythology  

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Religion
As Greek mythology cannot be separated from its background of indigenous pre-Greek cultures, Roman mythology is intricately influenced by ancient Italic cultures, especially those of other Latin ...
soma

soma  

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Religion
An intoxicating drink prepared from a plant and used in Vedic ritual, believed to be the drink of the gods.
Varuna

Varuna  

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Religion
In Hinduism, one of the gods in the Rig Veda. Originally the sovereign lord of the universe and guardian of cosmic law, he is known in later Hinduism as god of the waters.
Yasht

Yasht  

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Religion
Yashts (Yásts) are hymns in the Zoroastrian (see Zoroastrianism) Avesta (see Avesta), containing much of what is known of Iranian mythology.
Yasna

Yasna  

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In the Zoroastrian sacred book of Iran, the Avesta, the Yasna is the collection of the seventeen “songs” (gathas) of Zoroaster and other, longer hymns. The Yasna is the part of the Avesta used during ...
Zoroaster

Zoroaster  

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(c. 628–c. 551 bc),Persian prophet and founder of Zoroastrianism; Avestan name Zarathustra. Little is known of his life, but traditionally he was born in Persia and began to preach the tenets of what ...
Zoroastrian Cosmogony

Zoroastrian Cosmogony  

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Religion
Several stories of creation exist in the Iranian tradition. One story tells how Yima (see Yima), the primal man, king of the Golden Age, and later a solar deity, pierced the Earth with a golden ...
Zoroastrianism

Zoroastrianism  

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Iranian religion derived from the teachings of Zoroaster (Zarathustra) (probably early-second millennium bc), which still has devotees (e.g. the Parsees of India). The most important architectural ...

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