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Adrien Victor Joseph de Gerlache de Gomery

Adrien Victor Joseph de Gerlache de Gomery  

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Overview Page
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History
(1866–1934),Belgian Antarctic explorer. Born in Hasselt to a noble family on August 2, 1866, de Gerlache was attracted at an early age to adventure and marine life. He started ...
Belgica

Belgica  

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History
(1884–1940), three-rigged barque. Length: 34.6 m. Molded breadth: 7.158 m. Extreme breadth: 7.540 m. Depth: 4.090 m. Mean draft on ballast: 2.743 m. Full-load draft: 3.962 m. Light displacement: 338 ...
Endurance

Endurance  

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History
Barquentine that was one of the two vessels of Sir Ernest Shackleton’s Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914–1917. Length/beam: 44 m × 7.5 m (144′ × 25′). Tonnage: 350 gross registered ...
Ernest Shackleton

Ernest Shackleton  

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(1874–1922),Antarctic explorer whose family motto was “By endurance we conquer” and who became famous for delivering his men to safety after his ship was crushed by the Antarctic ice ...
Expeditions, Scientific

Expeditions, Scientific  

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Although the science of the oceans—what we now call oceanography—is generally reckoned to have had its origin as a separate discipline in the three-and-a-half-year scientific circumnavigation in HMS ...
Fabian Bellingshausen

Fabian Bellingshausen  

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(1778–1852),Russian naval officer, born in Oesel, an island in the Gulf of Riga. He first saw service with the Imperial Russian Navy aged 25 when, as a junior officer, he was part of a Russian ...
Fram

Fram  

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History
A three-masted schooner of 402 tons with auxiliary steam power, was the first vessel designed to winter in the polar pack ice, her hull being so shaped that no matter how strong the pressure of the ...
Frank Hurley

Frank Hurley  

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History
(1885–1962),Australian photographer of the Antarctic. Together with Herbert Ponting, Frank Hurley is considered to be the most accomplished of the Antarctic photographers of the early twentieth ...
French empire

French empire  

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History
The colonial empire of France. France under the Valois family had come to approximate its modern boundaries by the end of the 15th century. Most of its colonial possessions were acquired during the ...
ocean

ocean  

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Salt water mass that occupies more than two-thirds of the surface of the Earth (70.8%). The oceans contain 1370 × 106 km3 of water; the average depth is 3730 m.
Phillip Garth Law

Phillip Garth Law  

(1912– ),scientist and Antarctic explorer, became entranced by Antarctica as a boy through the writings of pioneer explorers such as Shackleton and Mawson. After graduating in physics from the ...
Polar Flights

Polar Flights  

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History
Plans for the first aerial explorations of the Arctic gained momentum with the development of balloons and dirigibles in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The speed and mobility ...
Roald Amundsen

Roald Amundsen  

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(1872–1928)Norwegian explorer who, in 1911, led the first expedition to reach the South Pole. On a previous Arctic expedition he had located the site of the magnetic north pole and was the first to ...
Robert Falcon Scott

Robert Falcon Scott  

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(1868–1912)British explorer who, on the second of his two Antarctic expeditions, reached the South Pole with several companions only to perish on the return journey.Born in Plymouth, Scott entered ...
sealing

sealing  

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History
Has a history, like whaling, that stretches back into prehistory; images of seals (see marine mammals) appear in Palaeolithic rock art. It is still practised by Inuits today for whom seals are a key ...
Sir James Clark Ross

Sir James Clark Ross  

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History
(1800–62).Ross was involved in eight Arctic and Antarctic expeditions after joining the navy in 1812. Those of 1818 and 1829–33 were with his uncle John Ross, those of 1819–20 ...
Sir John Barrow

Sir John Barrow  

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History
(1764–1848),travelled in China and South Africa, and revived the project to explore the Arctic for a North‐West Passage. He contributed to the Quarterly Review and published works of history and ...
surveying

surveying  

Was always of social significance because of the need to define the boundaries of plots of land. In the Renaissance, taxes on agricultural produce, including such relatively expensive crops as ...
whaling

whaling  

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History
Is the catching of whales, which has been practised since the Neolithic period. The first large-scale whaling was carried out by the Basques, who were hunting the Atlantic right whale (Balaena ...
Wilhelm Filchner

Wilhelm Filchner  

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History
(1877–1957),German Antarctic explorer. Born in Munich, Filchner joined the Military Academy at the age of fifteen. In 1900, he traveled on horseback through the Pamirs, where he met the ...

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