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Afro-Atlantic Culture: On the Live Dialogue Between Africa and the Americas

Afro-Atlantic Culture: On the Live Dialogue Between Africa and the Americas  

When Africa is regarded as part of the cultural and political history of the African diaspora, it is usually recognized only as an origin—as a past to the African American ...
Amilcar Cabral

Amilcar Cabral  

(1924–73)Guinean revolutionary. He founded a clandestine liberation organization against Portuguese rule. From 1963–1973 he led a successful guerrilla campaign which had gained control of much of the ...
Bantu

Bantu  

Spread of Bantu-speaking peoples across sub-Saharan Africa.Analysis of linguistic and genetic evidence suggests that groups of Bantu speakers, who originated in present-day eastern Nigeria and ...
Chokwe

Chokwe  

Ethnic group of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, and Zambia; one of the richest trading groups in the Congo basin prior to Belgian colonialism.Originally seminomadic hunters in ...
Christianity in Africa

Christianity in Africa  

There has been a Christian presence on the African continent for nearly as long as people have considered themselves followers of Jesus Christ. Missionaries and traders have been credited for ...
Cold War and Africa

Cold War and Africa  

Ideological and political confrontation between the United States and the Communist Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), which lasted from 1945–1989 and had major effects on African ...
Congo

Congo  

The smaller of the two Congos is potentially oil rich, but its recurring civil war has held back developmentThe country's official name is the Republic of the Congo, though it is also known as Congo ...
Cuito Cuanavale

Cuito Cuanavale  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Between October 1987 and June 1988, in the fiercest conventional battles on African soil since Erwin Rommel was defeated at El Amien, the South African Defense Force (SADF) fought pitched ...
détente

détente  

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Overview Page
Literally ‘loosening’. Détente was used to refer to periods of reduced tension in relations between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. It was closely associated with the ...
economic sanctions

economic sanctions  

Action taken by one country or group of countries to harm the economic interest of another country or group of countries, usually to bring about pressure for social or political change. Sanctions ...
Education in Africa

Education in Africa  

History and status of Western-style schools in Africa.Much education in Africa follows the Western model of schooling. But although Western-style education predominates, Islamic schools also operate ...
Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea  

A small country in equatorial West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea.Physical.Equatorial Guinea includes the plateau of Río Muni bounded by Cameroon and Gabon, and the more mountainous and fertile, but ...
Explorers in Africa since 1800

Explorers in Africa since 1800  

Foreigners who traveled to sub-Saharan Africa after 1800 to investigate its geography and peoples.Building on the work of earlier explorers, European explorers of Africa after 1800 provided ...
Feminism in Africa: An Interpretation

Feminism in Africa: An Interpretation  

Female activism and feminist movements in Africa.In contrast to much of the twentieth century, today we can talk about African feminism because African women themselves do so and because ...
Garcia II

Garcia II  

Ruler of Kongo at the height of its power and fame, 1641–1661; also known as Nkanga a Lukeni Nzenza Ntumba.Garcia and his brother Alvaro Nimi a Lukeni a Nzenza ...
Geomorphology, African

Geomorphology, African  

Physical characteristics of the African continent.Many of Africa’s striking geomorphological features result from the continent’s tectonic movement. The science of plate tectonics explores the motion ...
Hunger and Famine

Hunger and Famine  

Conditions of severe and potentially life-threatening food deprivation.Famine struck Africa several times during the twentieth century, and famine and hunger continued to threaten parts of the ...
José Eduardo Dos Santos

José Eduardo Dos Santos  

1942–Angolan political leader and president.José Eduardo Santos rose to political power in the Central African nation of Angola through the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola Party (MPLA). ...
Kingdom of Kongo

Kingdom of Kongo  

The origins of the kingdom of Kongo date from about 1350, when the rulers of Vungu and Mbata, two small states located just south of the Congo River, formed an ...
Krio

Krio  

Ethnic group of Sierra Leone; also known as Creole.Krio people make up about 10 percent of the population of Sierra Leone (some 62,000 people). They are concentrated in the ...

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