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Adolf Jülicher

Adolf Jülicher  

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Religion
(1857–1938), NT scholar. He was professor of theology at Marburg from 1889 to 1923. He insisted that the Lord's parables must be understood as real similes, not as allegories, and he worked on the ...
Alexandrian theology

Alexandrian theology  

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Religion
A modern designation for a style of theology associated with the Church of Alexandria. It is particularly used (in contrast to Antiochene theology) of forms of belief which emphasized the Divine ...
Anagogical Interpretation

Anagogical Interpretation  

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Religion
(Gk., anago, ‘I lead up’).Interpretations of scripture (hermeneutics) which point to the meaning of a text in relation to its eternal or heavenly meaning: it is the spiritual sense ...
analogy

analogy  

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Religion
In common modern usage the word signifies a resemblance or similarity between objects of discourse. More technically analogy is a linguistic and semantic phenomenon which occurs when one word bears ...
animal

animal  

Animal Farm a fable (1945) by George Orwell which consists of a satire on Russian Communism as it developed under Stalin. The animals of the farm, led by the pigs, revolt against the cruel farmer, ...
antinomianism

antinomianism  

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Religion
The belief held by various sects, but particularly by radical protestant movements of the 16th and 17th centuries, that certain chosen Christians are by faith or by predestination unable to sin, and ...
Apostolic Fathers

Apostolic Fathers  

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Religion
A title given since the 17th cent. to those Fathers of the age immediately after the NT period whose works survive in whole or part. They are Clement of Rome, Ignatius, Hermas, Polycarp, and Papias, ...
bible Exegesis

bible Exegesis  

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Religion
The interpretation and exposition of the biblical text, in order to apply it practically or as a form of study in its own right. The earliest exegesis can be found ...
Boethius

Boethius  

(c. 480–524),Roman statesman and philosopher, best known for The Consolation of Philosophy, which he wrote while in prison on a charge of treason. He argued that the soul can attain happiness in ...
emblem

emblem  

A heraldic device or symbolic object as a distinctive badge of a nation, organization, or family. The word is recorded from the late 16th century (as a verb), and comes from Latin emblema ‘inlaid ...
fellowship

fellowship  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The OT does not often mention fellowship. There exists a kind of covenant fellowship between God and Israel, with God as the senior partner. The closeness between them is expressed in Pss. 42 and 63. ...
genre

genre  

A grouping of texts related within the system of literature by their sharing features of form and content. Ancient theoretical discussions of specific literary genres operate according to criteria ...
Henri de Lubac

Henri de Lubac  

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Religion
(1896–1991), French Jesuit theologian. From 1929 he taught at Lyons. A peritus at the Second Vatican Council, he was made a cardinal in 1983. His vast literary output covers a range of subjects, ...
historical criticism

historical criticism  

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Religion
Every writing in the OT and NT emerged from a particular social, political, and cultural environment over the course of many centuries, and historical criticism is a modern and tested method of ...
Jacob's Ladder

Jacob's Ladder  

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Religion
The two main elements of the account of Gen 28, 10-22 are the divine promise during Jacob's dream at Bethel, and the sacred foundation and vow that follow it. But ...
Jean Daniélou

Jean Daniélou  

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Religion
(1905–74), French Jesuit theologian. From 1943 he was professor at the Institut Catholique in Paris. A peritus (expert [adviser]) at the Second Vatican Council, he was made a cardinal in 1969. He ...
Marcion

Marcion  

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Religion
(d. c.160), heretic. A native of Sinope in Pontus, he made his way to Rome c.140, and attached himself to the local Church; he was excommunicated in 144. He organized his followers in compact ...
metaphor

metaphor  

A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. Recorded from the late 15th century, the word comes via French and Latin from ...
Obadiah ben Jacob Sforno

Obadiah ben Jacob Sforno  

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Religion
(c.1470–1550).Italian Jewish biblical commentator. After settling in Bologna, he practised medicine and set up a bet-midrash (‘house of study’). He wrote commentaries on the Pentateuch, the Song of ...
Old Testament in the New Testament

Old Testament in the New Testament  

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Overview Page
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Religion
It was fundamental to the first Christians, being Jews, that their belief in the Messiahship of Jesus should be demonstrable from the OT, the ‘oracles of God’ (Rom. 3: 2). Hence the frequent ...

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