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Alain Chartier

Alain Chartier  

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Literature
(c.1385–c.1435)French poet and prose writer. His most famous poem was La Belle Dame sans mercy (1424), a story of unrequited love in 800 octosyllabic lines; an English translation, falsely ...
Alan Ayckbourn

Alan Ayckbourn  

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Literature
(1939– ),playwright. His first London success, Relatively Speaking (1967, pub. 1968), was followed by many others, including Absurd Person Singular (1973, pub. 1974); The Norman Conquests (1974, pub. ...
Alberto Moravia

Alberto Moravia  

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Literature
1907–1990)Italian writer, whose novels and short stories display his narrative skill and psychological insight.Moravia was born of Jewish stock in Rome, the setting for most of his stories. He began ...
Aldo Palazzeschi

Aldo Palazzeschi  

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Literature
(1885–1974).Florentine poet and novelist who made distinctively whimsical and ironic contributions to crepuscolarismo and Futurism. His privately published early poetry reworks symbolist and ...
A.L.O.E.

A.L.O.E.  

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Literature
(A Lady of England) Pen‐name of Charlotte Maria Tucker (1821–93), writer and Indian missionary, born in Barnet, Middlesex, educated at home. Tucker's many novels were evangelical and didactic but ...
anagogical

anagogical  

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Literature
[an‐ă‐goj‐ik‐ăl]Revealing a higher spiritual meaning behind the literal meaning of a text. Medieval Christian exegesis of the Bible (see typology) reinterpreted many episodes of Hebrew scripture ...
animal

animal  

Animal Farm a fable (1945) by George Orwell which consists of a satire on Russian Communism as it developed under Stalin. The animals of the farm, led by the pigs, revolt against the cruel farmer, ...
Anna Maria Ortese

Anna Maria Ortese  

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Literature
(1914–98).Novelist. Born in Rome, she spent much of her life in Naples, where she played an active part in literary culture, particularly in the years immediately following World War ...
Antoine de la Sale

Antoine de la Sale  

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Literature
(1385×6–c.1460) French author of didactic and narrative prose.La Sale is best known for Le Petit Jean de Saintré (1456), a novel of courtly manners. His other works are essentially ...
Beatrice

Beatrice  

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Literature
1 see Dante;2 heroine of Shakespeare's Much Ado about Nothing.
bestiary

bestiary  

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Literature
A description of animal life in verse or prose, in which the characteristics of real and fabulous beasts (like the phoenix or the unicorn) are given edifying religious meanings. This kind of allegory ...
biblical commentaries

biblical commentaries  

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Literature
Works commenting on and interpreting the books of the Bible have a long history and have had a powerful influence on literature and literary theory. Paul in his epistles began ...
Boethius

Boethius  

(c. 480–524),Roman statesman and philosopher, best known for The Consolation of Philosophy, which he wrote while in prison on a charge of treason. He argued that the soul can attain happiness in ...
chant royal

chant royal  

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Literature
[shahn rwa-yal]A French verse form normally consisting of five stanzas of eleven 10-syllable lines rhyming ababccddede, followed by an envoi (or half-stanza) rhyming ddede. The last line of the first ...
commentary

commentary  

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Literature
The tradition of adding a commentary to a text is an ancient one. The commentaries of classical antiquity, and the long line of scriptural commentaries, share a number of features ...
Convivio

Convivio  

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Literature
(Convito). Unfinished treatise (the title means ‘banquet’) in Italian by Dante, probably compiled in 1304–7 but largely unknown until its first printing in 1490. Of the planned fifteen ‘trattati’ ...
David Lindsay

David Lindsay  

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Literature
(c.1486–1555)Scottish dramatist and courtier. His diplomatic missions to Europe in the 1530s and 1540s probably exposed him to French dramatic forms, notably the mock sermon, which he later ...
Detto d'amore

Detto d'amore  

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Literature
(late 13th c.).Unfinished allegorical poem of 480 lines in settenari baciati (seven-syllable rhyming couplets), with compound or equivocal rhymes [see Versification]. Preserved in a single ...
Detto del gatto lupesco

Detto del gatto lupesco  

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Literature
(early/middle 13th c.).Anonymous Florentine beast-fable in 144 couplets of nine- and eight-syllable lines, recounting a journey to the Holy Land by its protagonist and narrator, the wolfish cat. Its ...
didactic

didactic  

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Literature
[dy-dak-tik]Instructive; designed to impart information, advice, or some doctrine of morality or philosophy. Much of the most ancient surviving literature is didactic, containing genealogies, ...

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