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animal

animal  

Animal Farm a fable (1945) by George Orwell which consists of a satire on Russian Communism as it developed under Stalin. The animals of the farm, led by the pigs, revolt against the cruel farmer, ...
Boethius

Boethius  

(c. 480–524),Roman statesman and philosopher, best known for The Consolation of Philosophy, which he wrote while in prison on a charge of treason. He argued that the soul can attain happiness in ...
emblem

emblem  

A heraldic device or symbolic object as a distinctive badge of a nation, organization, or family. The word is recorded from the late 16th century (as a verb), and comes from Latin emblema ‘inlaid ...
exegesis

exegesis  

Critical interpretation or explanation of a text, traditionally associated with religious scriptures, but now used with reference to close readings and analyses of any text.
Exegesis of the Bible

Exegesis of the Bible  

At the centre of life and teaching, the Bible was read, heard and commented on throughout the Middle Ages. Its exegesis underwent an evolution and aroused reflection. We will trace ...
exemplum

exemplum  

(plural-pla)A short tale used as an example to illustrate a moral point, usually in a sermon or other didactic work. The form was cultivated in the late Middle Ages, for instance in Robert Mannyng of ...
genre

genre  

A grouping of texts related within the system of literature by their sharing features of form and content. Ancient theoretical discussions of specific literary genres operate according to criteria ...
gloss

gloss  

(Hungarian) Marginal and interlinear glosses in the Hungarian vernacular in ML MSS, usually identified by their provenance or present location, such as the Leuven glosses (13th century; Budapest), ...
Hugh of Saint-Victor

Hugh of Saint-Victor  

(late 11th c. - 1141)Born in Saxony in the very late 11th or early 12th c., Hugh of Saint-Victor received his first instruction from the regular canons of St ...
Imperial, Francisco

Imperial, Francisco  

Native of Genoa and resident in Seville (c.1400). His eighteen poems are gathered in the Cancionero de Baena. His two long allegorical visions helped change the course of Castilian verse ...
Latin grammar

Latin grammar  

As the language of the church, government, and learning in most of western Europe from the classical period to the late MA, Latin was central to medieval education and culture. ...
literary nominalism

literary nominalism  

The negotiation of nominalist philosophical and theological thought in late medieval literature. Such correspondences include (i) the choosing of narrative facilitating the discussion of the ...
Literary Theory

Literary Theory  

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History
Theoretical approaches to literature are as old as Aristotle; they include in France the poetics of classicism and the lessons of rhetoric. The term ‘literary theory’, however, came into favour ...
Martianus Capella

Martianus Capella  

(fl. 410–39),a North African writer, celebrated in the Middle Ages. He was the author of De Nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii in nine books of prose and verse. The first two deal with the wooing (in a ...
metaphor

metaphor  

A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. Recorded from the late 15th century, the word comes via French and Latin from ...
Miguel Ángel Asturias

Miguel Ángel Asturias  

(1899–1974)Guatemalan writer, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1967.After graduating in law in 1923, Asturias studied economics in London and anthropology in Paris. Ironically it was ...
mumming

mumming  

Examples of mumming—customary traditions of masking, usually involving parading or house visiting—are found in many parts of Canada. Mummering and belsnickling use visual and oral disguises to hide ...
mythography

mythography  

The interpretation of myth, usually Graeco-Roman. In antiquity a form of philosophical rationalization of the sexual exploits of the gods in epic, in the MA it was used to justify ...
Otto of Freising

Otto of Freising  

(c.1114–58) Scholar and bishop.Member of the ruling Salian and Hohenstaufen dynasties, he was dedicated to monastic life as child, studied in Paris, and became Cistercian and (generally absentee) ...
pastoral, medieval Latin

pastoral, medieval Latin  

Medieval Latin pastoral engaged the ancient traditions embodied in Virgil’s Eclogues or, more broadly, dramatized the affiliations of nature and humanity. After Virgil, Ausonius’ (c.310–95) Eclogues ...

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