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animal

animal  

Animal Farm a fable (1945) by George Orwell which consists of a satire on Russian Communism as it developed under Stalin. The animals of the farm, led by the pigs, revolt against the cruel farmer, ...
Annaeus Cornutus, Lucius

Annaeus Cornutus, Lucius  

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(1st cent. ad),Stoic philosopher, grammarian, and rhetorician whose pupils included Lucan and Persius (who honoured him in Satirae 5, and whose Satires he reportedly revised after the poet's death) ...
Boethius

Boethius  

(c. 480–524),Roman statesman and philosopher, best known for The Consolation of Philosophy, which he wrote while in prison on a charge of treason. He argued that the soul can attain happiness in ...
emblem

emblem  

A heraldic device or symbolic object as a distinctive badge of a nation, organization, or family. The word is recorded from the late 16th century (as a verb), and comes from Latin emblema ‘inlaid ...
genre

genre  

A grouping of texts related within the system of literature by their sharing features of form and content. Ancient theoretical discussions of specific literary genres operate according to criteria ...
Homer

Homer  

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(8th century bc),Greek epic poet. He is traditionally held to be the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, though modern scholarship has revealed the place of the Homeric poems in a pre-literate oral ...
literary criticism in antiquity

literary criticism in antiquity  

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1. The arts of formal speech played a big part in ancient life; so it was natural that vocabularies and conceptual frameworks should be developed for the purposes of evaluation, speculation about the ...
locus amoenus

locus amoenus  

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‘pleasant spot’, a phrase used by modern scholars to refer to the set description of an idyllic landscape, typically containing trees and shade, a grassy meadow, running water, song‐birds, and cool ...
metaphor

metaphor  

A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. Recorded from the late 15th century, the word comes via French and Latin from ...
metaphor and simile

metaphor and simile  

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Are features of literary language that have been extensively discussed by theorists and critics since antiquity. The first purposeful investigations are Aristotle's. By the time of Quintilian ...
Prudentius

Prudentius  

(348–post‐405),a Christian Latin poet born in Spain, the composer of many hymns. His Psychomachia, an allegorical account of the battle for the soul of man, was a very important influence on the ...
Statius

Statius  

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(Publius Papinius Statius, c.50–c.96ce),Roman poet, author of the epic Thebaid and the a collection of miscellaneous occasional poems entitled the Silvae.Although all his surviving works were written ...
symbolism

symbolism  

The use (or perceived use) of symbols to represent ideas or qualities. See also colour symbolism; condensation; product-symbol format; ritual model; surplus meaning; symbol; symbolic; visual ...
Theagenes

Theagenes  

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Of Rhegium (fl. c.525 bc), grammarian and Homeric critic (see Homer). Ancient sources claim him as the first both to raise questions of style (Ἑλληνισμός, ‘Hellenism’; see Greek language, § ...
Virgil

Virgil  

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(70–19bc),Roman poet. He wrote three major works: the Eclogues, ten pastoral poems, blending traditional themes of Greek bucolic poetry with contemporary political and literary themes; the Georgics, ...

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