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Alexander the Great

(356—323 bc) king of Macedon 336–323

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Alexander ‘the Great’

Alexander ‘the Great’ (336–323 bc)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

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Current Version:
2004

son of Philip II and king of Macedon, was the greatest military commander of the ancient world; his achievements inspired

animals and the military

animals and the military  

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(see also horses). Man has made use of the strength, speed, and stamina of his companion animals, in war as well as in peace, from the earliest recorded times. Domesticated ...
battle of Arbela

battle of Arbela  

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(331 bc).Located west of the Tigris about 50 miles (80 km) from modern Erbil (Arbela), Gaugamela was the site of Alexander's third and decisive victory over the Persians in ...
cavalry

cavalry  

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ˈkævǝlrē1 pl. -ies usually treated as pl. soldiers who fought on horseback.2 a branch of an army made up of such soldiers.3 modern soldiers who fight in armored vehicles.[...]
Charles XII

Charles XII  

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(1682–1718)King of Sweden (1697–1718). Three years after his succession, he embarked on the Great Northern War against the encircling powers of Denmark, Poland-Saxony, and Russia. In the early years ...
Generalissimus Aleksandr Vasil'evich Suvorov

Generalissimus Aleksandr Vasil'evich Suvorov  

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(1730–1800),the greatest Russian military commander in history. Never defeated, Suvorov was tiny, wiry and eccentric, but, as with Wolfe or Wingate, this signalled physical toughness and ...
Graeco-Persian wars

Graeco-Persian wars  

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(540s–330s bc). The Greeks first came into conflict with the Persians in Asia Minor, as a result of the conquest of Lydia by Cyrus ‘the Great’, probably in 546 bc. ...
Greece

Greece  

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Greece has seen considerable benefits from EU membership but has now fallen deep into debtMost of Greece is mountainous. The mainland is dominated by the rugged Pindus Mountains, which extend from ...
infantry

infantry  

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N. soldiers marching or fighting on foot; foot soldiers collectively.
Khyber Pass

Khyber Pass  

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A mountain pass in the Hindu Kush, on the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan. The pass was for long of great commercial and strategic importance, the route by which successive invaders entered ...
logistics

logistics  

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N. the organization of moving, housing, and supplying troops and equipment.
Macedonian army

Macedonian army  

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Until the accession of Philip II of Macedon in 359 bc, powerful neighbours and internal conflicts had kept Macedonia from achieving its full military potential. During his first five years ...
military artists

military artists  

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Artists have depicted soldiers and military encounters for centuries. They have employed a huge variety of styles and talents in illustrating warfare across the ages, and carved relief depictions of ...
Military Communications

Military Communications  

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The sine qua non of leadership, from squad level to strategic command. Gen Omar Bradley famously declared: ‘Congress makes a man a general, but communications make him a commander.’ If ...
military Engineering

military Engineering  

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The branch of civil engineering encompassing the construction and maintenance of field fortifications and of buildings, roads, airfields, railroads, ports, and other facilities for military use. ...
pontoon bridge

pontoon bridge  

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This is one of a number of obstacle-crossing devices employed by military engineering. Probably the largest military pontoon bridge ever constructed was used by Xerxes to cross the Hellespont in ...
Prince de Condé

Prince de Condé  

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(1621–86).Born Duc d'Enghien and later Prince de Condé, he represents the apogee of the French aristocrat's approach to war, in that he was a bold, even rash, commander whose ...
Roman military historians

Roman military historians  

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The Romans were at least as warlike as the Greeks, and their historians and biographers also, sooner or later, found themselves writing military history. Here only the more important will ...
sea power

sea power  

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A country's naval strength, especially as a weapon of war.
siege engines

siege engines  

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Were devices designed to reduce the time taken to capture a besieged castle or other fortification. There were a number of different types, the most prominent and certainly the simplest ...

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