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Alexander the Great

(356—323 bc) king of Macedon 336–323

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Acraephnium

Acraephnium  

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City in NE Boeotia, located above a small bay of Lake Copais; perhaps the Homeric Arne. Fortifications and cemeteries have been excavated, the latter revealing splendid examples of early painted ...
Ada

Ada  

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Satrap (see Mausolus) of the Persian province of Caria, youngest child of Hecatomnus, sister of Mausolus and of Idrieus, to whom she was incestuously married and with whom she was ...
aegis

aegis  

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In classical art and mythology, an attribute of Zeus and Athena (or their Roman counterparts Jupiter and Minerva) usually represented as a goatskin shield. The word (denoting armour or a shield, ...
Albinovanus Pedo

Albinovanus Pedo  

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A well-known wit and raconteur (Seneca (the Elder) Epistulae 122. 15; Quintilian Institutiones 9. 3. 61) who exercised his wit in writing epigrams; Martial often mentions him as one of ...
Alexander Historians

Alexander Historians  

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The term “Alexander Historians” refers to the chief authors of antiquity who wrote histories of Alexander the Great. Sources for Alexander's reign fall into three categories: (1) Contemporary ...
Alexander IV

Alexander IV  

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(323–?310 bc),posthumous son of Alexander (3) the Great and Roxane. Already designated to the kingship at Babylon, he was elevated by Perdiccas (3) (322) to join Philip (2) Arrhidaeus ...
Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
681 words

King of Macedon (b Pella, Macedonia, 356 bc; reg 336–323bc; d Babylon, 10 June

Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great (356–323bce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
3,339 words
Illustration(s):
3

(356–323bce),

king of Macedon. [This entry includes two subentries, on Alexander's life and career and

Alexander (3) III

Alexander (3) III (356–323 bc)((‘the Great’) of Macedon)   Reference library

Albert Brian Bosworth

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
2,971 words

son of *Philip (1) II and *Olympias. As crown prince he was taught by *Aristotle (from 342); he was his father's deputy in Macedon (...

Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great   Quick reference

Albert Brian Bosworth

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
2,409 words

king of Macedon, 356–323bc, son of Philip II and Olympias. As crown prince he was educated by Aristotle (from ...

Alexandria

Alexandria  

The chief port and second‐largest city of Egypt, on the Mediterranean coast, northwest of Cairo. Founded in 332 bc by Alexander the Great, after whom it is named, it became a major centre of ...
Alexandria ‘near Issus’

Alexandria ‘near Issus’  

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Close to Iskenderun (Alexandretta) on the gulf of Issus, a city founded by Alexander (3) the Great or Seleucus (1) I near the site of the battle (of Issus) where ...
Alexandria ‘of the Arachosians’

Alexandria ‘of the Arachosians’  

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Founded by Alexander (3) the Great in 329 bc on the strategic site of the Achaemenid capital of Arachosia (Old Kandahar). Besides a Graeco-Aramaic edict of Ashoka (Supplementum epigraphicum 20. ...
Alexandria ‘of the Arians’

Alexandria ‘of the Arians’  

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Founded by Alexander (3) the Great near Herat, on a different site from Artakoana. Important staging-point on route leading to Kandahar and India.A. B. Bosworth, Historical Commentary on Arrian's ...
Alexandria Eschate

Alexandria Eschate  

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(‘the farthest’), founded close to Cyreschata (mod. Leninabad/Khodjend) on the Syr-Darya (Jaxartes), the largest of seven ‘Achaemenid' fortresses seized by Alexander (3) the Great in this region. ...
Alinda

Alinda  

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Town in Caria (SW Asia Minor), possibly of great antiquity (the name may occur in Hittite documents). It paid tribute to the 5th-cent. Athenian empire (see Delian League) and was ...
Amazon

Amazon  

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Mythical race of female warriors. The name was popularly understood as ‘breastless’ (maza, ‘breast’) and the story told that they ‘pinched out’ or ‘cauterized’ the right breast so as not to impede ...
Amisus

Amisus  

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A 6th-cent. colony of Miletus or Phocaea, was built on a peninsula site on the Black Sea coast, the best harbour between Sinope and Trapezus, at the head of a ...
Ammon

Ammon  

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Greek and Roman form of the name of the Egyptian god Amun. Ammon's son is an epithet of Alexander the Great, from the story in Plutarch of Alexander's visit to the temple of Ammon in Egypt, where he ...
Anaximenes

Anaximenes  

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Of Lampsacus (c. 380–320 bc), historian and rhetorician, a pupil of Zoïlus. His historical work (Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 72) comprised Hellenica, Philippica, and a work on Alexander (3) ...

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