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Alexander the Great

(356—323 bc) king of Macedon 336–323

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Achaemenid

Achaemenid  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
A member of the dynasty ruling in Persia from Cyrus I to Darius III (553–330 bc); the name comes from Greek Akhaimenēs ‘Achaemenes’, the reputed ancestor of the dynasty.
Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
107 words

[Na]

Leader of the Macedonians. Born in 356 bc, Alexander was tutored in his early years by Aristotle

Alexandria

Alexandria  

The chief port and second‐largest city of Egypt, on the Mediterranean coast, northwest of Cairo. Founded in 332 bc by Alexander the Great, after whom it is named, it became a major centre of ...
Cleopatra

Cleopatra  

(69–30bc),queen of Egypt from 47 bc, the last Ptolemaic ruler. After a brief liaison with Julius Caesar she formed a political and romantic alliance with Mark Antony. Their ambitions ultimately ...
Egypt

Egypt  

Pre‐PtolemaicDuring the New Kingdom (Dynasties 18–20, c.1575–1087bc) Egypt expanded into Asia. This great age of Egyptian militarism created in the 18th Dynasty an empire which stretched from the ...
elephants

elephants  

The elephant is the largest living land animal, and is taken as a type of something of great size and weight. The Indian elephant was traditionally used as a beast of burden and in the ancient world ...
gems

gems  

Minerals (usually of crystallized matter) used for decorating items such as textiles and liturgical objects or for personal adornment. The most highly prized are the precious stones, diamonds, ...
Hellenism

Hellenism  

Of or relating to Greek history, language, and culture from the death of Alexander the Great to the defeat of Cleopatra and Mark Antony by Octavian in 31 bc. During this period Greek culture ...
nomads

nomads  

[Ge]Herding societies whose seasonal movements are primarily dependent on the search for fresh pastures, although exceptionally they may also be involved with limited cultivation.
Persepolis

Persepolis  

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Archaeology
In Persis, a residence of the Achaemenid kings. Alexander (2) the Great in 331 bc took and looted Persepolis and set fire to the palaces; this served to bake a number of clay sealings. The royal ...
pharos

pharos  

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Archaeology
A lighthouse, often considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World, erected by Ptolemy II (308–246bc) in c.280 bc on the island of Pharos, off the coast of Alexandria. It was destroyed in 1375.
Seleucids

Seleucids  

A member of a dynasty ruling over Syria and a great part of western Asia from 311 to 65 bc. Its capital was at Antioch. The name comes from Seleucus Nicator (the founder, one of Alexander the Great's ...
Smyrna

Smyrna  

A city of Roman Asia, now Izmir, on the W. coast of Turkey. The Christian community was one of the ‘Seven Churches’ addressed in Rev. (2: 8–11); it was warned of coming persecution. St Polycarp was ...
Susa

Susa  

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Overview Page
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Archaeology
The ‘city of lilies’, was the capital of Elam, and afterwards the Achaemenid winter capital, where Darius I built a palace with a large audience hall (apadana) and a monumental ...
Tyre

Tyre  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
A port on the Mediterranean in southern Lebanon, founded in the 2nd millennium bc as a colony of Sidon, it was for centuries a Phoenician port and trading centre. Its prosperity did not decline until ...

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