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Albigenses

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Albigenses

Albigenses   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
60 words

A branch of the Cathars of S. France. Christian dualist heretics, Pope Innocent III failed to convert them; a savage

Arles

Arles  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Among the more important were those of: 314, summoned by Constantine to deal with the Donatist schism; 353, an Arianizing Council; 1234, against the Albigensian heresy; and 1263, which condemned the ...
Cathari

Cathari  

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Religion
(Gk. καθαρός, ‘pure’).The name has been applied to several sects, e.g. to the Novatianists by St Epiphanius and other Greek Fathers, and, acc. to St Augustine, in the form ...
Innocent III

Innocent III  

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(1160/61–1216), Pope from 1198. In making the right of the Papacy to interfere in secular affairs depend upon its duty to control the moral conduct of rulers and upon the theory of Papal feudal ...
Lateran Basilica

Lateran Basilica  

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Religion
The basilica, dedicated to St John the Baptist (with whom St John the Apostle is now associated), stands on the site of a palace which belonged to the family of the Laterani. The palace, given to the ...
Mani

Mani  

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Religion
There are contradictions among the sources, but it appears that Mani (c.216–76) was born near Seleucia-Ctesiphon, the capital of the Persian Empire, and began teaching in 240. Opposition from the ...
Peter Nolasco

Peter Nolasco  

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(c.1182–1256),founder of the Mercedarian Order. Much uncertainty surrounds the details of his life owing to legends and spurious documents. He was born in Barcelona of a merchant family. He became ...
rosary

rosary  

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Religion
Arabic misbahah; tasbih; subhah. String of thirty-three beads used by Muslims since the ninth century to count repetition of prayers and recite the names of God. Probably adapted from similar devices ...
St Dominic

St Dominic  

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(1170–1221).Founder of the Dominicans. Born in Old Castile, he became a canon regular in Osma. With his bishop, Diego d'Azevedo, he initiated a new style of evangelization in Languedoc ...

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