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Albigenses

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Avignon

Avignon  

A city on the Rhône in SE France, which from 1309 until 1377 the residence of the popes during their exile from Rome and was papal property until the French Revolution.
Cathars

Cathars  

A member of a heretical medieval Christian sect which professed a form of Manichaean dualism and sought to achieve great spiritual purity. The name is recorded in English from the mid 17th century, ...
Inquisition

Inquisition  

An ecclesiastical tribunal established by Pope Gregory IX c.1232 for the suppression of heresy, at a time when certain heretical groups were regarded by the Church as enemies of society. It was ...
Lateran Councils

Lateran Councils  

A series of councils held at the Lateran Palace in Rome from the 7th to the 18th cent.; five of them rank as oecumenical in the W. Church. The First (1123) ratified the Concordat of Worms ending the ...
Louis VIII

Louis VIII  

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(1187–1226)King of France (1223–1226), son of Philip Augustus and Isabelle of Hainaut; he married Blanche of Castile in May 1200. Associated in the government, though not consecrated in his ...

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