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battle of Alarcos

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Abu Yusuf Ya ʿqub al- Mansur

Abu Yusuf Ya ʿqub al- Mansur  

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(c. 1160–1199), Almohad caliph.Abu Yusuf Yaʿqub al-Mansur (“the Victorious”) became Almohad caliph in 1184 after his father’s death. His ambition to expand his Andalusian kingdom was thwarted by the ...
al-Andalus

al-Andalus  

Arabic name given to the geographical area of the Iberian Peninsula that came under Muslim control in the MA, from 711 to 1492. This period is often referred to as ...
Alfonso VIII of Castile

Alfonso VIII of Castile  

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(c. 1155–1214),king of Castile (1158–1214). Alfonso VIII inherited the throne of Castile at the age of two from his father, Sancho III (r. 1157–1158). Sancho’s premature death left his ...
Marinid

Marinid  

A Berber tribe of the Zanata grouping that supplanted the Almohads, ruling in Morocco from c.1250 to 1465.The Banu Marin were pastoralists from eastern Morocco who migrated northwards in ...
Military Orders

Military Orders  

The European crusades against the Ottomans and the Spanish reconquista gave rise to military orders and to orders of ransom; these orders were in turn the antecedent institutions of the ...
Order of Calatrava

Order of Calatrava  

The Order of Calatrava was one of the first native Military orders founded in the Iberian peninsula, in the 12th century. Its origins go back to the recovery of a ...

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