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adaptation

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abaptation

abaptation  

The process by which an organism is fitted to its environment as a consequence of the characters it inherits, which have been filtered by natural selection in previous environments. Because present ...
acclimation

acclimation  

A response by an animal that enables it to tolerate a change in a single factor (e.g. temperature) in its environment. The term is applied most commonly to animals used in laboratory experiments and ...
acclimatization

acclimatization  

1 The progressive adaptation of an organism to any change in its natural environment that subjects it to physiological stress. See also acclimation.2 The overall sum of processes by which an organism ...
acquired characteristics

acquired characteristics  

Features that are developed during the lifetime of an individual, e.g. the enlarged arm muscles of a tennis player. Such characteristics are not genetically controlled and cannot be passed on to the ...
adaptability

adaptability  

A measure of the extent to which a species or ecosystem is able to adjust to environmental change (such as global warming). Such adaptation can be planned or unplanned, and it can be carried out in ...
Adaptation

Adaptation   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

Adaptation refers to the many properties of organisms that enable those organisms to stay alive and reproduce. Adaptation is one

adaptation

adaptation   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
45 words

(in biology)

1 any change in an organism's structure or function that allows it better to deal with its environmental

adaptation

adaptation   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
90 words

In biology, a trait of an organism that increases its chances of success in its environment. Animals and plants adapt

adaptation

adaptation   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
48 words
[Ge] The ability of a biological organism to survive within a given environment by changing its behaviour or physical attributes. Extended to include human adaptation to the ... More
adaptedness

adaptedness  

The condition of being adapted, as distinct from the process of adaptation.
adaptive breakthrough

adaptive breakthrough  

An evolutionary change by the acquisition of a distinctive adaptation that permits a population or taxon to move from one adaptive zone to another. At the most extreme such moves might be from water ...
adaptive radiation

adaptive radiation  

The evolutionary process whereby species that are descended from a common ancestor diverge to exploit different ecological niches.
adaptive threshold

adaptive threshold  

The limit imposed on the adaptation of a taxon within a particular adaptive zone (e.g. the fins of a flying fish are adapted for gliding flight, but the fish can remain airborne for only a limited ...
adaptive zone

adaptive zone  

A taxon that is considered together with its associated environmental regime(s), habitat, or niche. The adaptive specialization that fits the taxon to its environment, and hence the adaptive zone, ...
alloplastic

alloplastic  

Of or relating to adaptation (1) through alteration of the external environment. Compare autoplastic. [From Greek allos other + plastikos mouldable, from plassein to form + -ikos of, relating to, or ...
aptation

aptation  

Any character currently subject to selection whether its origin can be ascribed to selective processes (adaptation) or to processes other than selection or selection for a different function ...
arms race

arms race  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A competition between nations for superiority in the development and accumulation of weapons, especially between the U.S. and the former USSR during the Cold War.
assimilation

assimilation  

1 Absorption or incorporation of information or of a substance, or more generally the act or process of making things similar or alike.2 In the writings of the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget ...
auditory adaptation

auditory adaptation  

Transient loss of hearing sensitivity to tones of certain frequencies following prolonged exposure to an unchanging sound wave. When the sound that causes the effect is loud and the hearing loss is ...
August Friedrich Leopold Weismann

August Friedrich Leopold Weismann  

(1834–1914)A German biologist who established the improbability, if not impossibility, of the inheritance of acquired characteristics, as required by Lamarck's theory of adaptation.

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