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Abdul Hamid II

(1842—1918) Ottoman sultan 1876–1909

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Abdul Hamid II

Abdul Hamid II (1842–1918)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
90 words

On his accession, Abdul Hamid suspended Parliament and the new constitution. At the Treaty of San Stefano (1878),

Abdülhamid II

Abdülhamid II   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,256 words
Illustration(s):
1

Abdülhamid II (1842–1918) was the thirty-fourth Ottoman sultan (r. 1876–1909). A profound political and economic crisis

Abdulhamid II

Abdulhamid II (1918)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
103 words

(d. 1918)

Thirty-fourth Ottoman sultan (r. 1876–1909). His reign faced overwhelming difficulties: an insolvent treasury, violent nationalist movements

İttihad-i Muhammadi Cemiyeti

İttihad-i Muhammadi Cemiyeti  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Muhammadan Union, political and religious organization founded by Hafiz Dervis Vahdeti, a Naqshbandi Sufi from Cyprus, via the newspaper Volkan in 1909. Known for its role in the insurrection of ...
Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire  

The Muslim empire of the Turks (1299–1922), established in northern Anatolia by Osman I and expanded by his successors to include all of Asia Minor and much of south-east Europe. Ottoman power ...
Pan-Islam

Pan-Islam  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Movements to unify the Muslim world, particularly in reaction against Western threats of encroachment. Theoretically, Pan-Islam is a natural expression of the fundamental and necessary Muslim concept ...
Tanzimat

Tanzimat  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Turkish. Reforms or regulation. Denotes a period of social and political reform that transformed the Ottoman Empire by integrating institutions deliberately copied from Western Europe; a response to ...
Turkey

Turkey  

Tension between Islamists and secularists threatens democracy and EU accessionTurkey is predominantly mountainous. The lowlands are mostly confined to coastal areas around the Black Sea, the Aegean, ...

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