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Abbey of Savigny

Abbey of Savigny  

In Normandy. In 1093 Vitalis of Mortain established a hermitage in the Forest of Savigny. Some of the hermits felt a call to follow the Rule of St Benedict in its primitive strictness, and the abbey ...
acts of bishops

acts of bishops  

Bishops' acts refer to the texts (charters, letters) issued by bishops whether or not through the intermediary of an episcopal chancery. The earliest acts are testaments, by which are designated ...
Adalard of Corbie

Adalard of Corbie  

(751–826)A cousin of Charlemagne, Adalard was raised at court with his brother Wala. He retired to Corbie where, after a stay at Monte Cassino, he returned as abbot (780). ...
Adhemar de Monteil

Adhemar de Monteil  

(d. 1098), Bp. of Le Puy from some time between 1080 and 1087. In 1095 Urban II summoned the Council of Clermont from Le Puy and made Adhémar his representative on the First Crusade. Adhémar's death ...
Admont

Admont  

(monastery) Oldest surviving monastery in Styria, Austria; founded 1074 by Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg with an endowment left by Countess Hemma of Friesach and Zeltschach; famed for its ...
advocate, advocacy

advocate, advocacy  

From the Merovingian period, rulers granted churches an Immunity that protected them from the management and intervention of royal agents. Following a formula soon stereotyped, the latter were ...
Alcobaça

Alcobaça  

A Cistercian monastery, founded in 1152 by monks from Clairvaux, at the confluence of the Alcoa and the Baça, 100 kilometres north of Lisbon. This foundation must be set in ...
architecture, Ecclesiastical

architecture, Ecclesiastical  

Ecclesiastical architecture responds, from a purely practical point of view, primarily to the requirements of worship and secondarily to the needs of those who dedicate themselves to the religious ...
Arras

Arras  

Evangelized in the late 4th c. by St Diogenes, Arras owes its rise to the settlement in 658, in the marshes of the Crinchon, of a monastic community placed under ...
bastide

bastide  

A medieval fortified town built for the colonization or pacification of an area, particularly associated with the south of France; also in modern usage in Provence to describe a small country house.
Bec

Bec  

(abbey) Founded in central Normandy in 1034 by the knight Herluin, Bec, despite its initial obscurity, soon gained a reputation for piety and learning, producing two notable ecclesiastics: Lanfranc ...
Bergen

Bergen  

Norwegian town. Bergen probably became a bishop’s seat and a legally confirmed urban community in the reign of King Olaf III Haraldsson (1067–93). The town grew into the all-important export ...
Besançon

Besançon  

In the eastern French Franche-Comté region, Besançon is strategically located, surrounded on three sides by the river Doubs and on the fourth by a mountain. Passing from Roman to Alamannic ...
Bobbio

Bobbio  

A small town in the Apennines, once the seat of an abbey founded in 612 by St Columbanus. Its celebrated collection of early MSS included the ‘Bobbio Missal’ (now in Paris), an important collection ...
Brogne

Brogne  

A Benedictine abbey founded in 919 by the nobleman Gerard who gave it his patrimonial possessions and introduced monks and Relics into it from Saint-Denis in France, the abbey of ...
Caen

Caen  

A city and river port in Normandy in northern France, on the River Orne, which is the burial place of William the Conqueror. The town was the scene of fierce fighting between the Germans and the ...
Calabria

Calabria  

Before designating the former land of the Bruttii, western extremity of the Italian peninsula, the word “Calabria” applied only to the Salento (terra d'Otranto). At first used by simple geographical ...
canoness

canoness  

The name was first used in the 8th cent. of communities of women who lived in common but did not renounce their property. They were later known as ‘secular canonesses’ and are now extinct. After the ...
Capetians

Capetians  

Name of the dynasty ruling France 987–1328, founded by Hugh Capet (938–96), king of France 987–96.
Casamari

Casamari  

The foundation of the Cistercian abbey of Santa Maria di Casamari, in the diocese of Veroli, on the road from Sora to Frosinone, in the shelter of a hill lapped ...

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