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9/11

9/11   Reference library

Matthew Pratt Guterl

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
652 words
Illustration(s):
1
The term “9/11” is shorthand for the events of 11 September 2001. On that date, four U.S. planes were hijacked by nineteen members of the Al-Qaeda terrorist group. The surprisingly ... More
Aborigines, Australian

Aborigines, Australian   Reference library

Alison Holland

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,101 words
Illustration(s):
1
Indigenous occupation of the Australian continent dates back to 50,000 to 60,000 years ago, with full occupation, across all environmental zones, occurring between 10,000 and 15,000 years ... More
Abortion

Abortion   Reference library

Peter N. Stearns and Sara Dubow

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,615 words
Illustration(s):
1

[This entry includes two subentries, an overview and a discussion of abortion in the United States. See also Birth Control...

Advertising

Advertising   Reference library

Yves Laberge and Jennifer L. Connerley

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
3,748 words
Illustration(s):
2

[This entry includes two subentries, an overview of advertising worldwide and a discussion of advertising in the United States....

Afghanistan

Afghanistan   Reference library

M. Hassan Kakar

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
5,349 words
Illustration(s):
1
Afghanistan's location connecting Central Asia with South Asia has affected its history profoundly, as conquerors have invaded it and various ethnic groups have settled there. This is ... More
Afghanistan

Afghanistan   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,438 words
Illustration(s):
1
A poor, mountainous central Asian country which has struggled to find stability, between persistent interference from outside powers on the one hand, and the domestic religiousness of the ... More
African Americans

African Americans   Reference library

Valerie Grim and Stephen A. Berrey

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,935 words
Illustration(s):
3
African American history in the United States constitutes a legacy involving self-determination and struggles for freedom. It is, in part, the story of how blacks of African descent fought ... More
Agriculture

Agriculture   Reference library

Giovanni Federico, James C. McCann, Penelope Francks, Erick D. Langer, Max G. Geier, Peter Robb, and Jonathan D. Rigg

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
20,361 words
Illustration(s):
3
[This entry includes seven subentries: Overview Africa East Asia Latin America North America South Asia ... More
AIDS and HIV

AIDS and HIV   Reference library

Kylie Thomas

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,105 words
Illustration(s):
1
AIDS and HIV are acronyms for “acquired immune deficiency syndrome” and for the “human immunodeficiency virus.” HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. The virus is transmitted through sexual ... More
Air Transport

Air Transport   Reference library

R. E. G. Davies

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,936 words
Illustration(s):
1
The term “transport” customarily includes air transport, land transport, and sea transport, but the first of these categories has existed, for all practical purposes, for only a century. ... More
Albania

Albania   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
939 words
Illustration(s):
1

A Balkan country which, in order to evade persistent foreign intervention, became the most isolated European state in the second half of the twentieth century....

Algeria

Algeria   Reference library

Julia Clancy-Smith

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
4,101 words
Illustration(s):
3
Algeria has exerted a profound influence upon the course of modern world history in a number of realms. For Europe, precolonial Algiers embodied the “threat” of the Barbary pirates ... More
Algeria

Algeria   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,140 words
Illustration(s):
1

Africa's second largest country was shaped, first, by French colonial rule, and then by an autocratic regime trying to avert the rise of Islamic fundamentalism....

American Civil War

American Civil War   Reference library

Kevin R. C. Gutzman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,567 words
Illustration(s):
3
The American Civil War of 1861–1865 was not a civil war at all, because—unlike the Russian civil war, the Spanish civil war, or the English civil war—it was not a contest between two ... More
American Labor and Working-class History, 1900–1945

American Labor and Working-class History, 1900–1945   Reference library

Jeffrey Helgeson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Urban History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
13,487 words
Illustration(s):
4
American trade unionists entered the 20th century battered by a series of savage defeats which, by 1896, brought the end of an era when millions of Americans had joined mass movements ... More
American Literature

American Literature   Reference library

Luca Prono

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,863 words
Illustration(s):
1
From its colonial beginnings through the nineteenth century, American literature struggled to find a voice independent from Britain, the mother country of the original American colonies. ... More
American Revolution

American Revolution   Reference library

William H. Brown

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,405 words
Illustration(s):
2
The American Revolution began as an internal conflict between Great Britain and its North American colonies. The revolution grew into a global conflict over the control of colonial ... More
American Samoa

American Samoa   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
309 words
Illustration(s):
1
This eastern part of the Pacific islands of Samoa came under US control in 1899. Under the formal government of the US Navy, it remained effectively governed by Samoan chiefs, who rejected ... More
Anarchism

Anarchism   Reference library

David Goodway

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,945 words
Illustration(s):
1

Anarchism is known for its diversity. Its accepted varieties range from the egoism of Max Stirner (Johann Kaspar Schmidt...

Andorra

Andorra   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
311 words
Illustration(s):
1

A tiny state (468 km2, 180 square miles) in the Pyrenees between France and Spain, whose Constitution is based on a treaty of ...

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