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accent

accent  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The emphasis placed upon a syllable in pronunciation. The term is often used as a synonym for stress, although some theorists prefer to use ‘stress’ only for metrical accent. Three kinds of accent ...
Adjacency

Adjacency  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Word-internal conditioning, of whatever kind, is commonly observed to be local rather than remote. In rules of derivation and compounding which are conditional on word-class categorizations, it tends ...
Affixation

Affixation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
The term “affixation” denotes the technique of concatenating affixes—morphological (not lexical) elements which are non-words—either directly to roots or stems, or to affixes in the case of affix ...
agreement

agreement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The essence of contract law: the meeting of minds (consensus ad idem) of the contracting parties. The point at which the parties reach agreement is the point at which a ...
amphiphloic

amphiphloic  

A vascular bundle morphology in which the phloem occurs as concentric cylinders outside and inside the xylem.
Analogy

Analogy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Analogical change, or simply analogy, is a historical process which projects a generalization from one set of expressions to another. The term “analogy” has been used also in reference to ...
anatomy

anatomy  

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Overview Page
The study of the structure of living organisms, especially of their internal parts by means of dissection and microscopical examination. Compare morphology.
Autolexical Syntax

Autolexical Syntax  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Though the name implies a syntactic theory, Autolexical Syntax (ALS) is actually a view of the relationship between the various components of a grammar, only one of which is syntax. ...
Case

Case  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
This entry includes the following subentries:OverviewCase TheoryCase AlignmentOverviewCase TheoryCase AlignmentCase is a notoriously ambiguous notion. The traditional notion of morphological case ...
catastrophe theory

catastrophe theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Mathematical theory pioneered by the French mathematician René Thom, treating abrupt changes or discontinuities.
Causative

Causative  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
While the term “causative construction” could in principle refer to any grammatical device that encodes causation, in practice the term has come to be used to express the kind of ...
clitic

clitic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
A linguistic item that resembles a word but cannot function independently because of its dependence on an adjoining word and can never be stressed. A clitic is thus intermediate between a word and an ...
Computational Morphology

Computational Morphology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
This method creates and implements models of word formation, i.e. inflection, derivation, and compounding. Typical applications are systems for word-form recognition and generation. Recognition ...
Conversion

Conversion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Also known as functional shift or zero derivation. This is the process whereby a new word is derived by change in part of speech, without adding a derivational affix; e.g. ...
Dionysius

Dionysius  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(c.170), Bp. of Corinth. Several of his letters are described by Eusebius. Feast day in the E., 8 Apr.
ectotrophic mycorrhiza

ectotrophic mycorrhiza  

A mycorrhiza in which the fungal component forms 2 sheath layers around the roots of a plant, the inner layer forming a sense mesh of hyphae, called the hartig net. The close association of the ...
endotrophic mycorrhiza

endotrophic mycorrhiza  

A type of mycorrhiza in which the fungal component penetrates the plant root, either pathogenically or beneficially. The fungal component does not change the root morphology. Compare ectotrophic ...
enkephalin

enkephalin  

Pentapeptides with opiate-like activity (compare with endorphins), first isolated in 1975 from pig brain. Met-enkephalin has the amino acid sequence Tyr-Gly-Gly-Phe-Met; Leu-enkephalin has the ...
Epimerisms

Epimerisms  

(sing. ἐπιμερισμός, “distribution, parsing”), elementary word-by-word commentaries on literary texts intended for school use and comprising parsing, morphology, orthography, prosody, semantics, and ...
Generative Morphology

Generative Morphology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Within the theoretical framework of early generative grammar, morphology was not considered an autonomous component of the grammar; it was split between morphophonology, as part of phonology, and ...

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