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Martin Luther King

(1929—1968) American Baptist minister and civil rights leader

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Andrew Young

Andrew Young  

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(b. 12 March 1932),civil rights activist, politician, and ambassador. Born in New Orleans, Louisiana, Andrew Jackson Young Jr. was the son of Andrew Jackson Young Sr., a dentist, and ...
Appeal of Nobel Peace Prize Laureates

Appeal of Nobel Peace Prize Laureates  

As the number of Nobel Peace Prize winners and Nobel laureates increased in the twentieth century, individual and groups of laureates began the practice of issuing statements or appeals linked ...
Barbara Deming

Barbara Deming  

Barbara Deming (1918–1939) was an American writer, film analyst, and nonviolent activist whose acute insights into human psychology underpin her philosophy of nonviolent political action. She was at ...
Gandhian Influence on Peace Movement

Gandhian Influence on Peace Movement  

Mohandas K. Gandhi is probably the best-known peace activist of recent times. His life example, writings, and particularly his nonviolent campaigns to free his native India from British colonialism ...
Harris Wofford

Harris Wofford  

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(b. New York City, 26 Apr. 1926)US; US Senator 1991–5 The son of an insurance company executive, Wofford grew up in New York and, after a spell of military service, attended Chicago, Yale, and the ...
International Fellowship of Reconciliation

International Fellowship of Reconciliation  

The founding conference of the International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR) took place in Bilthoven, the Netherlands, from 4–11 October 1919. Established as an interfaith organization opposed to ...
John F. Kennedy

John F. Kennedy  

(1917–1963)US Democratic statesman and thirty-fifth president of the USA (1961–63). His brief term of office, cut short by assassination, presented the world with a vision of freedom and social ...
leadership Theories

leadership Theories  

In industrial and organizational psychology, various theories that have been put forward to explain the successful or unsuccessful performance of leaders. Such theories tend to fall into three main ...
Literary Works

Literary Works  

[This entry contains four sub-entries: An Overview; Plays; Poetry; and Novels.]Literature documenting the horrors of warmaking is as ancient as The Iliad and as contemporary as poems on the ...
Nonviolence

Nonviolence  

Non‐violence seeks to oppose the use of state violence by means such as peaceful demonstrations, sit‐ins, civil disobedience, and so forth. It is a political strategy of opposition best known as ...
Nonviolent Revolution

Nonviolent Revolution  

The nonviolent overthrow of Serbian dictator Slobodan Miloševi<cacute> in 2000 signaled the beginning of what the global media described as the “color” or “flower” revolutions. These mostly ...
Pacifism, Critical

Pacifism, Critical  

All pacifists are critical of the use of violence. Most pacifists reject all violence as morally wrong both in their personal life and in social, national, and international affairs. They ...
Peace Monuments

Peace Monuments  

A monument is a physical and permanent way to preserve the memory of an event or concept. A peace monument promotes values associated with peace or peacebuilding. At least two ...
Peace Research

Peace Research  

[This entry contains six subentries: History; Beginnings; 1990 to Present; Focus of Peace Research on State; Journals; and Institutions.]The history of peace research has been drawn following diverse ...
Religion and Politics

Religion and Politics  

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There can be no precise and agreed definition of religion. The origin of the word is of little help, for it descends from the Latin religiare, to bind, which suggests the broadest possible boundaries ...
social justice

social justice  

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The objective of creating a fair and equal society in which each individual matters, their rights are recognized and protected, and decisions are made in ways that are fair and honest.
Stokely Carmichael

Stokely Carmichael  

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(b. 29 June 1941; d. 15 November 1998),activist and writer who popularized the “Black Power” slogan in the 1960s. A native of Trinidad, Carmichael, later known as Kwame Ture ...

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