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Ahad Ha-Am

Ahad Ha-Am  

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Overview Page
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Religion
‘One of the People’, penname of Asher Ginsberg (1856–1927), Hebrew essayist and Zionist thinker. For Ginsberg, Zionism was important not only because it sought to provide a physical homeland for the ...
ʿAliyah

ʿAliyah  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(Heb., ‘ascent’).1 Emigrating from the diaspora to the land of Israel to become a permanent resident.2 The calling up of a member of the congregation in a synagogue ...
Armenian Church

Armenian Church  

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Overview Page
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Religion
An independent Christian Church established in Armenia since c.300 and influenced by Roman and Byzantine as well as Syrian traditions. A small Armenian Catholic Church also exists (see Uniate).
Ashkenazim

Ashkenazim  

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Religion
Jews whose ancestors lived in the Middle Ages in Germany and the surrounding countries, as distinct from those with a Spanish or oriental ancestry, the Sephardim. The name Ashkenaz in the Bible ...
Babylonian captivity

Babylonian captivity  

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Religion
Period (586–538 bce) during which many Israelites were held in exile in Babylon. The phrase was applied by Petrarch to the Church during the period when the papacy was at Avignon (1309–77): see ...
Bdud-joms Rin-po-che

Bdud-joms Rin-po-che  

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Religion
(1904–87).Head of the Nyingma order of Tibetan Buddhism. When 3 years old, he was recognized as the reappearance of the ‘treasure-finder’, Bdud-joms gling-pa (1835–1903). As a refugee in 1959 ...
Bet Din

Bet Din  

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Religion
(Heb., ‘house of judgement’).Jewish court of law. Traditionally the establishment of the bet din as an institution is ascribed to Ezra. In Israel, the bet din is the rabbinic ...
Diaspora

Diaspora   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
290 words

The communities of Jews dispersed in countries outside Palestine; Heb. Golah or Galut (‘Exile’). Originally, the term denoted the

Diaspora

Diaspora   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
82 words

(Gk., ‘dispersion’; Heb., galut, ‘exile’, is the nearest equivalent).

Jewish communities outside the land of Israel. Today, increased

diaspora

diaspora   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
217 words

The *Greek for *dispersion, and used of Jewish people scattered round the world, outside Palestine. The emigration

diaspora

diaspora   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Hinduism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
105 words

A term sometimes used in Western works to refer to Hindu populations outside the traditional homelands of India and Nepal...

Dina de malkutha dina

Dina de malkutha dina  

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Religion
(Aram., ‘the law of the country is the law’).The Jewish halakhic principle that the law of the land is binding. The rule, originally laid down by the amora Samuel ...
dispersion

dispersion  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The English translation of diaspora.
ethnicity

ethnicity  

A term for the ethnic group to which people belong. Usually it refers to group identity based on culture, religion, traditions, and customs. In some contexts, it is a “politically correct” term ...
Exile

Exile  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The phrase is used absolutely of the captivity of the Jews in Babylon from c.586 to c.539 bc.
Feast of Tabernacles

Feast of Tabernacles  

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Religion
One of the great feasts of the Jewish year.
Haskalah

Haskalah  

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Religion
‘Enlightenment’, the movement which originated in eighteenth century Germany with the aim of broadening the intellectual and social horizons of the Jews to enable them to take their place in Western ...
Herem

Herem  

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Religion
A ban imposed on an individual to separate him from the other members of the community. In the Middle Ages, among the offences for which the herem was invoked were: disobedience to court orders; ...
Holocaust

Holocaust  

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Religion
The term denotes a victim who has been burnt completely. It is used to describe the Nazi genocide of the Jewish people in concentration camps such as Auschwitz during World War II.
Intermarriage

Intermarriage  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Islam, intermarriage refers to a man and a woman of different faiths marrying; race or national origin is not relevant. Islamic law provides that a Muslim woman cannot marry a non-Muslim man, ...

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