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Bet Din

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Academies

Academies  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An established gathering of Jewish scholars. The Talmudic terms are yeshivot (‘sitting’), also bet ha-midrash (Heb., ‘House of Study’), bet din gadol (Heb., ‘the great house of law’), and metivta ...
Bet Din

Bet Din   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
187 words

‘House of Law’, that is, court of law, composed of three judges learned in the law. According to the Talmud,

Bet Din

Bet Din   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
54 words

(Heb., ‘house of judgement’).

Jewish court of law. Traditionally the establishment of the bet din as an institution is

conversion

conversion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The term implies rejection of one way of life for another, generally better, after brief and intense insight into the shortcomings of self or the demands of circumstance. Ancient religious cult did ...
Elder

Elder  

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Subject:
Religion
In Israelite society, heads of families; collectively they form the leadership of the tribe (Josh. 9: 11), or, under the monarchy, of the ruling class (2 Sam. 3: 17). Eldership was never the title of ...
Johanan BenZakkai

Johanan BenZakkai  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
First-century ce disciple of Hillel. Johanan took a prominent part in the controversies between the Pharisees, of which group he was leader, and the Sadducees. He is said to have been responsible for ...
Karaites

Karaites  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Heb. , ‘to read’). A Jewish sect, dating from the 8th cent. ad, which rejects rabbinical tradition and the Talmud, and bases its teaching solely on the Scriptures. It survives mainly in Russia and ...
Prosbul

Prosbul  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(from Gk.).Jewish legal formula for reclaiming debts after the Sabbatical Year. A prosbul was signed by witnesses before a bet din and would entitle the creditor to collect his ...
Shammash

Shammash  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Jewish salaried official attached to a synagogue or bet din. The duties of a Shammash vary according to the institution.
United Synagogue

United Synagogue  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Association of Ashkenazi Jewish congregations in Great Britain. The organization was established by Act of Parliament in 1870. It supports the British Chief Rabbinate, the London Bet Din, and all the ...

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